NOVEMBER-2018

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NOVEMBER 2018/ Vol.31.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Mathematical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 TITLE NAME: AN IMPROVED FUZZY C-MEANS CLUSTERING ALGORITHM FOR RBF NETWORKS
Author’s Name : Dr. Lim Eng Aik, Tan Wei Hong, Ahmad Kadri Junoh
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : MALAYSIA
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-05 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MTS-V31-I1-C1-NOV2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
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Abstract In fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering, each data point belongs to a cluster to a degree specified by a membership grade. FCM partitions a collection of vectors in c fuzzy groups and finds a cluster center in each group such that the dissimilarity measure is minimized. This paper presented a training algorithm for the radial basis function (RBF) network using improved Fuzzy C-means (IFCM) clustering method which is the modified version of FCM clustering method based on weight readjustment for each attributed.  click here
 The training algorithm which uses IFCM clustering method to train the network gain better accuracy in predictions and reduced network architecture compared to the standard RBF networks. The proposed training algorithm was implemented with RBF networks in MATLAB, therefore the new network will undergo a hybrid learning process. The networks called improved Fuzzy C-means Clustering–Radial Basis Function Network (IFCM/RBF) was tested against the standard RBF network and the networks called standard Fuzzy C-means Clustering-RBF network (FCM/RBF) in predictions. The experimental models were tested on three real world application problems, particularly in Air pollutant problem, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) problem, and Phytoplankton problem, which yield promising results.
KEYWORD: Fuzzy C-means clustering, Radial Basis Function Networks, Clustering, Prediction accuracy.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Mathematical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 TITLE NAME : DUAL  SEARCH  FIREFLY  ALGORITHM  FOR  FUNCTION  OPTIMIZATION
Author’s Name : Dr. Lim Eng Aik, Tan Wei Hong, Ahmad Kadri Junoh
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : MALAYSIA
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-II/Page – 06-15 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MTS-V31-I1-C2-NOV2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full article (Pdf)
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Abstract : Accurate forecast of the micrometric precision of function value are extremely important in the optimization process. It reduces operation cost and gives accurate control of process quality. Due to the uncertain characteristics of the complicated function, many research studies have moved to nonlinear forecasting methods. One of the forecasting methods used in the mentioned issue is firefly algorithm (FA)click here
 The FA is a meta-heuristic algorithm that has been successfully applied in many practical applications. However, the FA had a few disadvantages in global searching including slow convergence speed, high possibility of being trapped in local optimum and low solution accuracy. Therefore, this paper proposed an improved FA known as dual search firefly algorithm (DSFA), for solving the function optimization problems. The DSFA employed the characteristics of speedy local search approach with the global optimization of FA. The experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm has overall improved over 85% in performances compared to FA in terms of convergence speed and accuracy.KEYWORD: Function approximation, optimization, firefly algorithm, local optimum, prediction.  

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Environmental Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 TITLE NAME : Community-led adaptation to Climate Change among coastal communities in Ghana: The case of Dansoman in the Greater Accra region.
Author’s Name : Isaac Sarfo1 , Jude Issa Dontoh2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : GHANA
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-III/Page – 16-23 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : ENV-V31-I1-C3-NOV2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract Community-led adaptation often require conceptual development and innovative ways that are feasible and locally designed with inputs from key stakeholders. Developing prudent adaptation measures for local communities are time consuming and require in-depth analysis due to complex nature of climate change, encompassing several sectors, differing views and external facilitators. In our quest to achieve Millennium Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 13), there is the need to place communities and towns, mainly those in acute and highly vulnerable regions center stage. click here
It is key in determining which critical and actual areas stem communities, hence, employing bottom-up approach in realizing global goals of regulating climate change. The main aim of the study was to find out self-protective measures, initiated by the local assembly, private entities and individual households in the area. The study adapted both qualitative and quantitative research strategies in collection, analyzing and presentation of results. Response from informants constituting officials from various institutions and vulnerable groups in the area were subjected to descriptive analytical statistics based on informants’ knowledge and experience in the area.Results show majority of adaptation measures, initiated by proponents in the area are short-term (reactive) measures and does not have the efficacy and capacity to deal with large scale climate events of bigger, magnitudes and intensity. The study serves as baseline-print on potential impacts of climate change in Dansoman along with community-led adaptation mechanisms. Further research could be conducted on cost of adaptation and effectiveness of initiated adaptation strategies in the area.KEYWORD: Community-Led, adaptation, vulnerability, Dansoman, Accra, SDG 13, self-protective, Ablekuma-West, potential impacts, reactive, anticipatory.   

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Literature [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 TITLE NAME : EMMA BY JANE AUSTEN : A BEAUTIFUL PICTURE OF IMPERFECTION
Author’s Name : Miguel Ángel Jordán1  , Sarah Rose Kearns2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SPAIN
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IV/Page – 24-31 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : LT-V31-I1-C4-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Throughout history, different approaches dealing with the concept of beauty have been made and various aesthetic currents have occurred to analyze its manifestations. Some of these currents have defended the possibility of finding beauty in imperfection, both because of its connection with truth, and because of the uniqueness contained within these imperfect realities.
 click here
Jane Austen criticized the exaggerated perfection of the characters of some of the works of her time, since, from her point of view, these types of characters reduced the credibility of the story  bringing about a rejection from the reader. For this reason, in all of Austen’s novels, the defects of the protagonists can be readily appreciated. This is even more evident in Emma, ​​since in this work, the heroine is an evidently imperfect young woman.In the present article, we will analyze the way in which Austen designed the character of Emma Woodhouse, the strategies that she used to maintain the balance in reader’s perception and the result of this creative work.KEYWORD: Literary analysis, regency, beauty of imperfection, characters analysis.

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Education [ Original Research Article]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 TITLE NAME : Competency and Performance of Technology and Livelihood Education Teachers in the Division of Gapan City.
Author’s Name : Dr. Bernardo A. Zabala Jr. 1 , Noemi P. Adelante 2
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : PHILIPPINES
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 32-38 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : EDU-V31-I1-C5-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : This study delves on the competencies and performances of technology and livelihood education (TLE) teachers. It described the level of competencies of TLE teachers based on the seven domains of National Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS), the performance of TLE teachers, and identifies the strengths and weaknesses and design an action plan relative to the identify problems and weaknesses of the TLE teachers. The domains of NCBTS were the bases in describing both the level of competency and performance of the TLE teachers. The strengths and weaknesses were also identified based on the performance of the TLE teachers.click here
The Descriptive method was utilized. The study was conducted in eight public secondary schools in the Division of Gapan City. There were 58 TLE teachers respondents of the study. It concludes that the level of competencies of TLE teachers in all the domains of good teaching is satisfactory. Majority of the respondents were considered experienced based on the label for the index of NCBTS. The identified strengths of the TLE teachers were: takes pride in the nobility of teachers as a profession; teacher actions demonstrates value for learning; reflects on the extent of the attainment of professional development goals; and creates a healthy psychological climate for learning and creates an environment that promotes fairness. The weaknesses of the TLE teachers were: their inability to demonstrate skills in the use of ICT in teaching and learning; communicate clear learning goals for the lessons that are appropriate for learners; develop and utilize creative and appropriate instructional plan; and establish learning environment that respond to the aspiration of the community and promote purposive study. The interventions to the identified weaknesses of the TLE teachers were in-service training in making video lessons, making instructional materials using MS Power point, teaching strategies, how to facilitate competency-based education, and developing digital learning strategies.KEYWORD: Competencies; performance; technology; livelihood; strengths; weaknesses..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 TITLE NAME : The impact of capital structure on financial performance: Empirical study from banking sector of Oman
Author’s Name : Dr. Zaroug Osman Bila,Dr. Omar Igbal Twafik 2Dr. Tariq Mohamed Salih Atya 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : OMAN
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 39-43 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V31-I1-C6-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : This study aims to investigate the relationship between capital structure and financial performance in the banking sector of Sultanate of Oman. Data were collected from financial statements of four banks out of six listed in Oman Stock Exchange during 2010 to 2016. In this study, descriptive research design was adopted and multiple regression technique was used. The study involves financial performance ROE as dependent variables and short term debts to total assets, long term debt to total assets, total debt to total assets as independent variables.  click here
The findings of the study reveal that there is a positive significant impact of capital structure on financial performance in banking sector in Oman.  Moreover, the results indicate that there is a positive significant relationship between total debts to total assets and financial performance of Omani banks while, the short term debts to total assets and long term debts to total assets were statistical not significant.KEYWORD: Capital structure, Financial performance, ROE, Banking sector, Oman.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Engineering Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 TITLE NAME : DESIGN AND SIZING OF A HYDROCARBON VAPOUR RECOVERY UNIT AT PETROLEUM DEPOTS
Author’s Name : Theodore Tchotang1Lucien Meva’a2Paul Victor Jatta3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : CAMEROON
Date of Publication:  05-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 44-49 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : ENG-V31-I1-C7-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : This paper presents a work on “The design and sizing of a hydrocarbon vapour recovery unit at petroleum depots”. It intervenes in a context where most of the depots handling volatile hydrocarbons records evaporative losses during operations of various activities. In the case of an oil depot, the storage operation would result in the loss of the storage tanks and the losses by movement of the vapours concentrated outward when filling these tanks, during the loading operations the product turbulence and the loss of preloading vapours are recorded. click here
 The purpose of this paper is therefore to design and size a unit that will collect the vapours and regenerate them. To achieve this objective, the methodology adopted begins with the functional analysis of the vapour recovery unit. It has enabled a solution consisting in the aspiration of vapours from the loading stations using vacuum pumps and a piping system. The regeneration of these vapours by condensation with a refrigeration system and the dissociation by a liquid gas separator. The second stage consist of the sizing and the choice of the different components of the unit. This part allowed us to have a vacuum pump (Becker U 5.70 with 1.5 kW of power and 70  of maximum suction flow), and a tube NPS 4 SCH 80 API 5 L grade B (100 mm nominal diameter and 2.11 mm thick). A refrigeration system of 19.250 kW of power and a liquid gas separator VIRON VVS-14K60L46. The unit thus designed will allow the recovery of at least 0.15% of product stored per year.KEYWORD: Design, Gas-liquid Separator, Loading Station, Recovery unit, Sizing. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
8 TITLE NAME : REDUCING AUDIT EXPECTATION GAP? THE ADOPTION OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ON AUDITING (ISA 700) IN NIGERIA.
Author’s Name : Safiyanu Sule Nor Zalina Mohamad Yusof Ku Maisurah Ku Bahador 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : MALAYSIA
Date of Publication:  10-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VIII/Page – 50-54 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V31-I1-C8-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractThe International Standards on Auditing 700 (ISA 700) has been widely adopted in many developed countries. However, in developing and emerging economies, the adoption is still at its early stage. This paper discusses whether the adoption of such standards could possibly reduce the issue of audit expectation gap (AEG) in Nigeria.click here
 This paper reviews previous literature on AEG and adoption of ISA 700 in the context of globalization of financial reporting practices. The paper concludes that ISA 700 increases the understanding of users of financial statements with regards to the function of an audit and the responsibility of auditor and management. The review also indicated that ISA 700 has a significant influence in reducing the AEG in Nigeria. It is expected that the Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria (FRCN) and the Institutes of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) as the regulatory bodies will provide adequate measures for policy deliberations on the adoption of ISA 700 in auditing reporting with a likelihood of success in reducing the AEG problems in Nigeria.  Keyword: Audit Expectation Gap, Adoption, International Standards on Auditing, Reporting, Nigeria initiation.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Art, Culture & Literature Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
9 TITLE NAME : Breaking the Taboo of Marriage and Childbearing: Nwapa’s Commitment in One is Enough
Author’s Name : Maina Ouarodima
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IX/Page – 55-59 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : LNG-V31-I1-C9-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : In the past and as well as up to date, the humiliating treatment women face in marriage and childbearing in the African societies, as illustrated in the African literatures by some male writers, coupled with the willingness that characterizes African women writers, in general, and Nwapa, in particular, to explore all the possibilities to move women from the margin to the center attract our attention and raise a need for the current research.  click here
 The study focuses on some of the evil practices against the freedom of women with regard to marriage and childbearing which have continued to persist in the African societies. The social context of marriage and the meaning attached to birthing constitute a good starting point for appreciating the image of women in the Igbo society. Thus, Nwapa’s commitment in One is Enough relates not only to the writer’s awareness of the women’s problems but also and mainly the commitment of the writer in voicing the problems of women and all women’s attainment of self-liberation and social transformation. This could, genuinely, be attributed to the fact that the social conditions under which the writer produces her work is patriarchal in nature. As a result, Nwapa, by virtue of gender experience as well as by her desire to transform these experiences into weapons of change, is committed to react to socio cultural norms that discriminate women.KEYWORD: Flora Nwapa, Commitment, Marriage, Childbearing. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Education Case Study ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
10 TITLE NAME : A STUDY ON HUMANISM IN TELUGU LITERATURE AMONG INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS IN KURNOOL TOWN (A.P)
Author’s Name : Dr.K.C.SHANKARAIAH 
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  10-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-X/Page – 60-63 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : EDU-V31-I1-C10-NOV2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractThe purpose of the study is to know the knowledge of Humanism in Telugu literature among Intermediate students in Kurnool Town. The Investigator conducted data collection of 140 samples by using simple Random sampling method in intermediate students at Kurnool Town.  click here
 The Researcher used statistical techniques of Mean, S.D, ‘t’-test and ‘F’-test to find the results of Humanism in Telugu literature among Intermediate students. On the whole, Gender, Locality and Class wise states that There is no significant difference between the variables regarding on Humanism in Telugu literature. Furthermore, According to Management, Analysis of the result states that there was a significant difference between the students who are studying from the different types of colleges.Keyword: Humanism, Telugu Literature, Knowledge and Management..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Case Study ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
11 TITLE NAME :DISEASES CURE BY USING DIFFERENT KIND OF MEDICINES – A CASE STUDY OF WEAVERS COMMUNITY.
Author’s Name : Dr.K.C.SHANKARAIAH 
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  10-12-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 31.0/Issue-I/Chapter-XI/Page – 64-66 [ NOVEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : EDU-V31-I1-C9-NOV2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : Definitions: Efforts made to maintain or restore physical, mental, or emotional well-being especially by trained and licensed professionals —usually hyphenated when used attributively health-care providers.Learner’s definition of Health Care: The prevention or treatment of illness by doctors, dentists, psychologists, etc. Medicine, the practice concerned with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease.  click here
The World Health Organization at its 1978 international conference held in the Soviet Union produced the Alma-Ata Health Declaration, which was designed to serve governments as a basis for planning health care that would reach people at all levels of society. The declaration reaffirmed that health, which is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important world-wide social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector.. 

N.B: Our publication process is going on. More paper will be added very shortly in this current issue…

(i) To Publish your paper in our upcoming issue send your article directly at article.ijf@gmail.com