AUGUST-2018

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2018

AUGUST 2018/ Vol.28.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 TITLE NAME: Agricultural Insurance in Ghana: An Examination of Concepts, Structure and Challenges 
Author’s Name : Nicholas Oppong Mensah, Simon Cudjo Fialor2, DadsonAwuny  Vitor3 and Edward Yeboah4
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : GHANA
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-08 [ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGS-V28-I1-C1-AUG2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
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Abstract Ghana has a target to achieve in the millennium development goal one by 2015 using agriculture as one of the panaceas to poverty reduction. This is because agriculture has the potential to transform the economy as it employs 60% of the labour force and in particular those in the rural areas.  However, climate change threatens this objective; leaving rural households vulnerable to poverty traps.
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 This review sought to examine how agricultural insurance in relation to concept, structure and prospect is providing timely and relevant response to mitigate the negative impact of climate change on agricultural production. The methodology adapted for the review was largely the use of primary data and information collected through interviews and participant observation supported with content analysis of existing publication on agricultural insurance. The review has identified two key projects that have developed insurance products for farmers. These projects are Innovative Insurance Project for Adaptation to Climate Change (IIPACC) and Ghana Agricultural Insurance Pool (GAIP).These projects have developed drought index insurance and area yield index insurance for maize and soya beans for seven regions in Ghana as a coordinated response to mitigating the negative effect of   climate change consequently to reduce poverty. Although, these insurance products are developed it is not clear how the farmers are responding to the uptake of these insurance products. In addition, it has been observed that these products are limited to maize and soybean farmers. It is therefore, recommended that a study should be conducted to assess the level of utilization of these insurance products by farmers. Furthermore, insurance product should be developed to cover perils that affect other crops, livestock, poultry and fisheries.Keywords: Agricultural Insurance, Climate Change, Poverty Reduction, Ghana.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Short Communication ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 TITLE NAME : Teaching versus learning in a personal perspective
Author’s Name : Dr. Nida Zaki1  and Prof. Dr Muhammad Zia Iqbal2
Article Type : Short Communication 
Country from : United Kingdom
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-II/Page – 09-11[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C2-AUG2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Objective: To communicate the personal experience between teaching and learning in medical schools in traditional setup and problem based (PBL) setup. Methodology:  It is a short communication based on personal experiences of two writers that narrates the basic difference between methodology of studies in medical schools in traditional setup and Problem based (PBL) setup. Bothe writers were trained in a traditional medical school, where they started medical education with two years of ‘pre-clinical’ training, followed by the ‘clinical’ training, of approximately three years, during which they worked in hospital wards under the supervision of consultants to get hand on training in medical and surgical procedures. At the end of five years of medical education, they cleared the final examination with high marks. The grades evaluated the memory, but what they learnt was never assessed.click here
 In comparison, the system of PBL was observed by writers which they realized is more suitable and useful as far as learning is concerned.  Results:  It was experience by the writers that PBL is a student’s based learning process where students are given medical scenarios to resolve and learn from. For learning they depend on self-directed learning and group work. Conclusion: PBL is experienced to be an effective system of learning in medical schools that keeps the learning more important than teaching.Key-word: Problem based learning (PBL), Teaching, Learning. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Case Report ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 TITLE NAME : Management of Very Severe Hyperlipidaemias: A rare case report
Author’s Name : Dr. Asad Rafi1, Dr. Poochellam Muthalagu2 and Dr. Salman Idrees Bhutta3
Article Type : CASE STUDY
Country from : IRELAND
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-III/Page – 12-14[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C3-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract Hyperlipidaemia and hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is an independent risk factor for accelerated cardiovascular disease and acute pancreatitis. Our patient presented with very severe hyperlipidaemias and we successfully managed with using heparin and insulin. Heparin and insulin regime appear to be safe, effective and inexpensive first line therapy for inpatient management of severe hyperlipidaemias.click here

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 TITLE NAME : The Effects of Ischaemic Compression and Myofascial Release Technique on the Local Tissue Temperature and Functional Parameters of the Patients with Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Randomised Controlled Trial
Author’s Name : Emel Sonmezer
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : TURKEY
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IV/Page – 15-22[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C4-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : The aim of this study is to determine the effects of ischaemic compression (IC) and myofascial release (MR) techniques on local tissue temperature, range of motion (ROM) and pain parameters in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). This single blind, randomised controlled trial study was carried on 60 patients who were diagnosed with MPS and had an active TP on the upper trapezius muscle. Patients were randomly divided into three groups. IC was applied to the first group (IC group), IC and MR were applied to the second group (IC+MR group) and sham IC was applied to the third group (sham group).  click here
 Local tissue temperature was assessed with digital electronic infrared thermography; pain parameters were evaluated with a pressure pain algometer and visual analogue scale. Neck ROM was measured with an electronic inclinometer. All assessments were recorded before the treatment, just after the treatment and 24 hours after the treatment. In the IC group, the target tissue temperature showed a rapid decrease following the third minute after the application. Then, post-treatment tissue temperature reached the maximum level at the fifth minute. After IC+MR application, target tissue temperature showed a linear increase and reached the maximum level at the fifth minute. There were significant improvements in tissue temperature, pain threshold, pain intensity and ROM after treatment in both the IC group and IC+MR group; however, in the sham group, there were no significant differences in these parameters. IC and MR improve the local temperature of the target tissue. Considering local temperature is related to tissue vascularisation, both IC and MR treatment techniques can be effectively used to treat ischaemia induced-pain generated by trigger points in patients with MPS.Keywords: Myofascial pain, trigger point, thermography, manual therapy.

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Biological Science [ Review Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 TITLE NAME : Canadian ginseng (Panax quinquefolius): A pharmacological review
Author’s Name : Maëlle Garnier1, Alain Bonjean2
Article Type :  REVIEW ARTICLE 
Country from : SWITZERLAND
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 23-30[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BGS-V28-I1-C5-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Panax quinquefolius has been used for centuries by native Amerindians and in Traditional Chinese medicine, due to its several beneficial and healing properties. In traditional medicine, it is considered to be complementary with the Chinese ginseng, P. ginseng: P. quinquefolius is a yang tonic, that has cooling effect and promotes respiratory and digestive health; whereas P. ginseng is a yin tonic that has a warming effect, and promotes a healthy circulatory system.click here
These activities are reported to be coming from a group of actives molecules specific to the Panax genus, some triterpenoid saponins called ginsenosides. Many studies reported the pharmacological activities of P. quinquefolius and its ginsenosides, including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cardio-protective and immunomodulatory properties. Keywords – Canadian ginseng, ginsenosides, Panax quinquefolius, saponins.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Education Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 TITLE NAME : The Macho Man: Untold Experiences
Author’s Name : Bernardo A. Zabala Jr.1  and Miguel R. Santos2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : PHILIPPINES
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 31-36[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : EDU-V28-I1-C6-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : This study presents a social illness and considered one of the chronic problems among males in all walks of life; the male person delve on their lifestyle, experiences, causes, modes operandi and their transactions of their activities. Qualitative research through case study using purposive sampling. Prior consent were sought prior to the study conducted in the province of Nueva Ecija, with the following criteria at least 15 years old to 22 years of age at the time when they started flesh trading, high school student when they started the activity, good looking person, not known by their parents of their activity, and volunteered and actively participated in the whole process of the study, and no money consideration, any reward or of any kind were collected from the participants. There were ten (10) selected among sixty nine informants were chosen.
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 Survey questionnaire, observations, interviews and focused group discussion were the instruments used. Frequency count, percentage, and weighted mean were used to represent the real identity of the informants. They vary on their lifestyles, particular in physiological aspects and spiritual aspects.The causes were socially and environmentally disturbed. They used alluring tricks to deceive their customers. Body languages and groaning sounds or seductive words used to seduce their clients.Respondents were socialized with other people to conceal their activities. They have vices like drinking alcoholic beverages, smoking cigarettes and also hawked in taking prohibited drugs. They used pimps, give pictures and mobile phone numbers to their prospective customers..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Case Report ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 TITLE NAME : A patient with synchronous Head and Neck primaries, a squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue with papillary thyroid cancer – A case report.
Author’s Name : Dr. Ahmed S. Abdulsamad1, Dr. Sadir J. Alrawi2, Dr.Thamir Alkasab3, Dr.Tamer Madi4, Dr.Humaa Darr5, Dr.Humaid O. Al-shamsi6
Article Type : CASE REPORT
Country from : UAE
Date of Publication:  07-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 37-41[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C7-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Background: We report a rare case in Al-Zahra Cancer Center in Dubai of two Head and Neck malignancies in a 53 years old patient; Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and papillary thyroid carcinoma occurring as synchronous cancers in the left side of the neck. These two pathologically distinct malignancies of head and neck subsites in one patient is a rare phenomenon to be further evaluated. click here
 Case presentation: Fifty three years old gentleman from Iraq presented with a painless left tongue ulcer with an indurated, irregular margin with elevated edges and necrotic floor, along with left thyroid suspicious nodule, left hemiglossectomy revealed an invasive moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue pT2 and Left hemithyroidectomy done with welldifferentiated papillary thyroid cancer follicular variant. Conclusion: High index of suspicion and thorough work up is essential in follow up of patients with head and neck primary cancers. The importance of multidisciplinary team work should be stressed on in evaluating patients with Head and Neck cancer and the importance of proper staging before planning a surgery. However, which patients are at increased risk of double primaries, is still unknown. Keywords: thyroid, tongue, cancer, synchronous, doubles primaries.

 

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