JULY-2019 (VOL.-39)

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2019

JULY 2019/ Vol.39.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 Manuscript Title : Atlanto-Axial Instability and its Management
Author’s Name : Sibhi Ganapathy1, Lingaraju T.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  05-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-18 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V39-I1-C1-JL2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
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INTRODUCTION The treatment of patients with atlantoaxial instability is a surgical challenge and achieving a successful outcome for these patients is gratifying. The complications of surgery, however, are potentially lethal. Various methods of fixation have been described and used successfully in the treatment of patients with atlantoaxial instability. The techniques of craniovertebral fixation evolved during the 20th century as the anatomy and biomechanics of the craniovertebral region became clearer.  click here

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 Manuscript Title : Patient Satisfaction with the Facilities of Pre-Operative Anesthesia Evaluations Clinics
Author’s Name : Hassan Shaaib1, Elham Khalid2, Basamat Mohamed Ahmed Elhossein3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SAUDI ARABIA
Date of Publication:  05-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-II/Page – 19-24 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V39-I1-C2-JL2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full article (Pdf)
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ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study was to measure the satisfaction of patients with the facilities of pre-operative anesthesia evaluations clinics by using questionnaire.Methodology: This study is a descriptive analytical study carried among 300 healthy volunteers, selected by simple organized random sampling and the data was collected by using questionnaire (Likert’s scale five-point). 95% level of confidence was used for data analysis, the P value was (<0.05). The questionnaire was given to participants 24 hours after anesthesia and surgery, the data were analyzed by a statistical package of social science. Frequency is presented, cross-tabulation and P- value was obtained among variables, excel program was used for figures and some data was presented in tables. click here
The results: The results explore a decrease in patient satisfaction and 20% is the total average of satisfaction with facilities of preoperative anesthesia evaluation. There were differences between males and females.Conclusion: Patient satisfaction with facilities of preoperative anesthesia evaluation is significantly and low the study is suggesting future studies to find out the causes of declining satisfaction with preoperative anesthesia evaluation and its relationship to many variables.KEYWORDS Anesthesia, Clinics, Evaluation, Facilities, Patient, Preoperative, Satisfaction 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 Manuscript Title : Transforming Medication Delivery Process Enhanced Patient Engagement.
Author’s Name : *Dr. Nishant Jaiswal1, Dr. Dhoha Alawadhi2 & Dr. Manal Taryam3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : UAE
Date of Publication: 10-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue-I/Chapter-III/Page – 25-29 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V39-I1-C3-JL2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract Background: All healthcare facilities have their process to deliver medication from pharmacy to treatment room or inpatient and this process can be manual or though pneumatic tube system. In manual medication delivery process, one person has to go and collect or deliver medication to required place. In this study, nurses were assigned to collect medication from pharmacy as per patient requirement. During this process nurses used to wait at the pharmacy to get medication while leaving patient unattended. This process wastes 10 to 12 minutes of every nurses if they have to administer medication to patient. To eliminate medication collection process, messenger was introduced to deliver required medication in treatment room. click here
 

Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project is to improve patient engagement by transforming the Medication Delivery Process which, Enhances Patient Engagement and optimizes the medication delivery process by utilizing messengers. Additionally it ensures the availability of nurses in the patient care area.

Methods: The Pharmacy & Therapeutic Committee (P&T) and Quality and Excellence Office (QEO) had initial meeting, and decided to use FOCUS PDCA methodology for quality improvement projects of Transforming the Medication Delivery Process which, Enhances Patient Engagement in two healthcare facilities through pilot study in 2018.

Result: The patient’s waiting time to get treatment dropped from 25 minutes to 7-8 minutes. Verbal complaints were reduced by 10% and nursing staff’s satisfaction level raised from 29% to 93%. Simultaneously increased nurses’ productivity through which nurses’ patient engagement enhanced whiling raising overall patient satisfaction. 

Conclusion: The quality improvement project illustrates that the healthcare providers engaged themselves with patient and worked together towards grander engagement in healthcare which, contributes to improving health outcomes.  

KEYWORDS: Pharmacy and therapeutic committee (P&T), Quality and excellence office (QEO) 

   

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Applied Science [ Case Study ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 Manuscript Title : Environmental contaminants and their impact on subsurface water by using Water Quality Index (WQI) method of different wells – A case study of Wama Hagelo District, Western Ethiopia.
Author’s Name: *Dr. Shayaq Ali1, Lalisa Asefa Mekonin2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : 
ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication: 10-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue-I/Chapter-II/Page – 30-37 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : APS-V39-I1-C4-JL2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : The Water Quality Index (WQI) in different wells in Wama Hagalo district,  Oromia region, western part of Ethiopia, was calculated in order to ascertain the quality of water for public consumption.WQI indicates water quality in terms of index numbers and offers a useful representation of overall quality of water. In this study, WQI was determined on the basis of various physic-chemical parameters, Ph, hardness ,calcium,magnesium,sodium,chloride,nitrite,TDS,iron,manganese,and fluorides. This has been determined based on the physic-chemical water sample analyzed during past time when the well-developed measured at the water works design and supervision Enterprise laboratory of Addis Ababa. The WQI for these wells ranges from14.39 to 83.36. . click here
The high value of WQI has been found to be mainly from the higher values of iron, nitrite, total dissolved solids, hardness, fluorides and manganese in the subsurface water. The results of analyses have been used to suggest models for predicting water quality. The analysis reveals that the some subsurface water of the area needs some degree of treatment before consumption, and it also needs to be protected from the perils of contamination. The computed WQI for point W4indicates an excellent quality of water while the value of W5 (42.64) falls within (26-50) of the classification of water quality based on weighted arithmetic WQI method and falls in the rank of good quality. The three wells namely of: Ketare, Laga Dhoke and Kushi Dima have poor quality of subsurface water and hence needs treatment before consumption. The WQI for the well point W6, ranges between  76-100 and indicates very poor quality of water which needs especial treatment to use it for drinking purpose. We already concluded that the WQI method is a very effective tool for determining the quality of water susceptible to leachate pollution and communicating it in an unambiguous manner to the stakeholders in the water industry.

KEYWORDS: Parameters, Physico-chemical, Subsurface water, Water Quality Index, Weighted Arithmetic method.
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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Applied Mathematics Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 Manuscript Title : An improved secret sharing scheme based on (K,N) threshold .
Author’s Name : *Haibing Sun1, Shirong Feng2, Simin Wang3, *Tianxiu Lu4
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : CHINA
Date of Publication: 10-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 38-42 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : APM-V39-I1-C5-JL2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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ABSTRACT: The issue of secure sharing of information was studied. The secret threshold scheme which proposed by Shamir was improved. The secret sharing system is divided into two parts: information segmentation and information synthesis. The authentication part will be added to the improved secret sharing mechanism. The fragmentation information is encrypted by the RSA algorithm to prevent someone from using it for information recovery. click here
 
Keywords : Information sharing,  threshold scheme, RSA encryption algorithm.
 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 Manuscript Title :Human Development Index Analysis in operational area of PT Adaro Indonesia 2018.
Author’s Name :*Aan Nurhadi1, Lenie Marlinae2, Tien Zubaidah3
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDONESIA
Date of Publication:  15-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 43-46 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V39-I1-C6-JL2019 

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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ABSTRACT : Human resources are a very important factor in a regional development process. The development paradigm that is currently developing is economic growth, education and health as measured by the quality of human life in each region. Companies in reality are representations of economic institutions that contribute to human development in accordance with applicable regulations in Indonesia through community development and empowerment programs, including those that have been carried out by PT Adaro Indonesia. . click here
This study uses a quantitative and qualitative research design. Quantitative research was developed with descriptive methods with a survey and qualitative research approach with a case study method. The population of this study is the village community assisted by PT Adaro Indonesia in 6 districts, while the sample is 30 heads of families in each village. Broadly speaking, there are 3 districts that experienced an increase in HDI in the villages that were guided by the company in the 2017-2018 period compared to 2017 BPS figures, namely East Barito (21.94%), Tabalong (11.09%) and Balangan (7.58%). Broadly speaking, villages with low HDI categories occur in villages where access to water is mainly water or villages with damaged road access, so that economic activities of the community such as selling agricultural products, trading and accessing health and education services are hampered.

.Keywords : Human development index, economic, education, health, Adaro Indonesia.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 Manuscript Title : Community Satisfaction Index Analysis of CSR Program PT Adaro Indonesia in 2018.
Author’s Name :*Aan Nurhadi1, Lenie Marlinae2, Tien Zubaidah3
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDONESIA
Date of Publication:  15-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 47-49 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V39-I1-C7-JL2019 

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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ABSTRACT : Communities have the same rights in obtaining public services that are safe, quality and affordable. One of the government’s efforts in implementing community needs for quality health services through CSR activities. The aim of the study was to measure the community satisfaction index (CSI) in the five CSR programs of PT Adaro Indonesia in 2018. This type of research was observational analytic using a survey method through a cross-sectional approach, namely data involving independent variables and dependent variables can be collected at one time. The population in this study was taken from the beneficiaries of the PT Adaro Indonesia CSR program in 2018. click here
The sample was the beneficiary of the PT Adaro Indonesia CSR program which was divided into 5 fields, consisting of 24 clusters / programs, 907 respondents. CSI in 5 fields, namely the economic field for the index of community satisfaction is 80% with the satisfied category. The education sector for the community satisfaction index is 80% with a satisfied category. The health sector for the community satisfaction index is 77.5% with a satisfied category. The socio-cultural sector has a community satisfaction index score of 81.9% with a satisfied category. The environmental sector CSI for the community satisfaction index is 85% with a very satisfied category. The advice given was the need for improvement in all indicators so that the value of the CSI would be better the following year by increasing the dissemination and dissemination of information related to the 5 CSR fields in the community.

Keywords : Community satisfaction index, CSR, Adaro Indonesia.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Environmental Risk Management [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
8 Manuscript Title : Inter-Relationships between soil-plant transfer coefficient, Plant uptake factor and Translocation factor of heavy metals in roadside Grown wheat and Maize in Sudan Savanna Ecology of Nigeria.
Author’s Name :*Dr. ANONGO, M’EMBER CATHERINE1, Prof. UYOVBISERE, EDWARD ONIOVOSA2
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  20-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VIII/Page – 50-58 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : ERM-V39-I1-C8-JL2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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ABSTRACT : Phytoaccumulation of metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn) in roadside grown wheat and maize varieties (Pavon-76, Siettecerros, Zea mays L. and Zea mays everta L.) and the toxicity and phytoremediation capability of the plants was investigated. Four sampling sites, roadside (SU 1, SU 3) and distant sites (SU 2 and SU 4) were selected by principle to represent the level of pollution near major traffic routes and were the reference sampling points. Whole plant metal levels of the four crops were determined using the multi-elemental technique- Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescent (EDXRF) and double beam AAS at A.B.U Zaria. click here
Individual metal levels for each plant parts were also determined and used for computing the Plant uptake factor (PUF), soil-plant transfer coefficient (TC) and translocation factor (TF) for each metal. Pearson correlation analyses between the risk assessment factors of the metals were evaluated. Results revealed a positive significant (P<0.05) relationship between PUF/TC and PUF/TF for Cr and Zn in Pavon-76 at SU 1, PUF/TC for Cr and Zn in the two species of Zea mays L.(SU 3 and SU 4) and Cu in Siettecerros (SU 2) indicates special ability or strong selective ability of each of the crops to accumulate certain metals. The inverse correlation between PUF/TC {-0. 0797=Cu at SU 1; -0.0317=Cd at SU 3}, PUF/TF {-0 .5926=Cd at SU 2; -0. 8058=Cr, -0. 6065=Cu, -0. 4492=Zn at SU 3} and TC/TF{-0. 2145=Cd; -0. 2675=Cr, -0. 0124=Cu at SU 4}, among the metals suggests a selective ability of each of these crops in accumulating theses metals and that the source of Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn in the crops is mainly from the soil than from the atmosphere. The selected risk assessment factors have proven useful in attempting to estimate the degree of uptake of these metals in the crops.

Keywords : Phytoaccumulation, metals, Pavon-76, Siettecerros, Zea mays L, Zea mays everta.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
9 Manuscript Title : Efficiency of Socio-Economic Reforms -The assessment through Integral Index.
Author’s Name :*Samson Davoyan1, Ashot Davoyan2, Arpine Sargsyan3, Davit Harutyunyan4
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ARMENIA
Date of Publication:  20-08-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 39.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IX/Page – 59-64 [ JULY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V39-I1-C9-JL2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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ABSTRACT : For the purpose of increasing prosperity, welfare and competitiveness of the national economy, authorities of various countries carry out political, economic, social and other reforms. During this process, a number of key issues arise (i.e. how effective, interrelated and interdependent, how complex these reforms are, what comparative efficiency do they provide to other countries, etc [1]. To overcome the challenges associated with solving the above-mentioned problems, as well as to implement the multidimensional reforms within the countries, to develop and implement coherent programs of transformation, the assessment of the effectiveness of various reforms gains great importance.
click here
With this regard, many national, international organizations develop a large number of indexes representing separate directions of transformations in different countries.Meanwhile, the many indexes of different national and non-governmental organizations, reflect quantitative and qualitative features of some particular parts of socio-economic reforms in different countries.  However, even the superficial analysis of the findings of different estimates reveals the methodological defects concerning the inclusion of the indicators included in them.

The existence of such issues and the need to find an effective solution suggests the development of a new methodology that will exclude the above-mentioned shortcomings, and will be based on a single general index, which will include as many possible indicators as possible. This new methodology and the new composite index will give a more comprehensive assessment of the different directions of socio-economic reforms.

Thus, we have developed an integral index, that quantitatively assesses the reforms implemented in more than 66 countries of the world for 2014-2018. With the help of 20 partial indexes included in the integral index we have assessed and analyzed various and multidimensional reforms in three countries of South Caucasus: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.

Keywords : reform, comparative efficiency, index, integral index of reforms, contribution.

N.B: Our publication process is going on. More paper will be added very shortly in this current issue…

(i) To Publish your paper in our upcoming issue send your article directly at article.ijf@gmail.com