SEPTEMBER-2021-VOL-65

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2021

SEPTEMBER 2021/ Vol.65.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 Manuscript Title : Malnutrition Among Elderly: Prevalence, factors and the effect of  Nutritional Therapy.
Author’s Name : Ramasamy Kalavathy* Nazneen Zara,   Jayadevan Sreedharan & Yousef Altair
Article Type : Original Research Article
Country from : UAE
Date of Publication:  10-11-2021
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 65.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-07 [SEPTEMBER-2021 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V65-I1-C1-SEP-2021
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
Doi No : 10.6084/m9.figshare.16960756

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ABSTRACTBackground and Objective: This study is being done to identify the prevalence of malnutrition among elderly patients in Obaidullah Senior Citizen Hospital, Ras Al Khaimah (RAK), United Arab Emirates (UAE) by Nutritional risk screening. Required nutritional therapy was implemented in the nutritional care plan to combat malnutrition among these elderly patients.

 click here

Material and Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in Obaidullah Senior Citizen Hospital. The subjects selected for the study were included based on the criteria of age ≥65years, admitted between Jan 2017 to Dec 2019, without any organ transplants and whose length of stay was more than 72 hours. Initial information like age, anthropometric measurements, clinical diagnosis and date of admission were obtained from the patient’s medical records. We used NRS 2002 and the recommendations supported by the Australia & New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine to determine the cut-off for BMI. SPSS software used to analyze the data. Paired t-test and Chi-square test were used.

Results: 65 participants were included within the age group of 65 to 107 years with a mean of 82 years and SD of 10.8 years. Malnutrition was 43% using the NRS 2002 score. Based on the recommendations supported by the Australia & New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine a total of 51 patients were found to have a BMI of less than 23kg/m2 and were classified as underweight based on these recommendations. All the patients in the study group were treated with appropriate nutritional therapy to improve their nutritional status by providing required nutritional therapy using different types of feeding methods. Overall 23% of patients achieved a healthy weight and 4.6% became overweight after the implementation of nutritional therapy. There was a statistically significant association observed in the case of NRS initial and NRS final scores. The chance of death for patients with NRS-initial score more than or equal to 3 is 7.2 times more compared to those with NRS-initial score <3. Similarly, the chance of death for patients with an NRS-final score more than or equal to 3 is 3.9 times more compared to those with an NRS-final score <3.

Conclusion: Prevalence of malnutrition was 43% among the elderly. Statistically significant factors associated with outcome (mortality) are NRS-initial and NRS-final; the degree of association observed was high in NRS-initial compared to NRS-final. The Australia & New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine to identify the risk of malnutrition among elderly using BMI” may be used more effectively to identify patients with malnutrition.

KEYWORDS:  Malnutrition, Nutritional risk, Assessment, comorbidities

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 Manuscript Title : Little Kesmas: Preparing young generation as pioneers in flood alertness in rural area
Author’s Name : Ihya Hazairin Noor1Fauzie Rahman2Vina Yulia Anhar3,Farid Ilham Muddin4Elwan Mustawan5Riana6
Article Type : Original Research Article
Country from : INDONESIA
Date of Publication:  10-11-2021
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 65.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 08-11 [SEPTEMBER-2021 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V65-I1-C1-SEP-2021
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
Doi No : 10.6084/m9.figshare.16964944

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ABSTRACT: Banjar District is one of the 13 districts in South Kalimantan Province. The low location of Banjar District from above the sea level caused the water flow in the soil surface blocked. As a result, parts of the area (29,93%) are always flooded and other parts (0,58%) are always flooded periodically.  click here

 One of the affected by flood is the students of Akhlak Alam Muhammadiyah Elementary School Martapura. The research is a quantitative descriptive research with the cross-sectional approach. The population of the research is the students of Akhlak Alam Muhammadiyah Elementary School Martapura in the amount of 34 students with the samples that were taken by using the total sampling method. The research used questionnaire. The research result shows that 11 students (32,35%) experienced increases in knowledge and 23 students (67,64%) maintain their already well knowledge. It can be concluded that with the educational activity for the school age children, therefore, the children will get good knowledge regarding floods, so that they can be prepared in flood alertness.

KEYWORDS:  Banjar District, flood, student, alertness, rural.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Educational Psychology [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
3 Manuscript Title : Flow academic students in junior high school in flood prone areas: The role of adjustment, adversity intelligence and task commitment.
Author’s Name : Marina Dwi Mayangsari*1,Triana Swastikasari2 Nurzalina Fathiah3 Fataya Ramadhaniah Safitri4 Muhammad Lutfi5
Article Type : Original Research Article
Country from : INDONESIA
Date of Publication:  20-09-2021
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 62.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-08 [JUNE-2021 EDITION ]
Article Code : EPSY-V62-I1-C1-JUNE-2021
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
Doi No : 10.6084/m9.figshare.16635829

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ABSTRACTFlow conditions are one of the important factors in the learning process because students who are in a state of academic flow will feel comfortable, focused , and able to enjoy learning activities so as to foster self-motivation. Self adjustment, adversity intelligence and task commitment are estimated to play a role in the academic flow of students attending school in flood-prone areas because the difficult situations faced by students require them to have these three variables in order to achieve flow conditions. click here

 The purpose of this study was to determine the role of self-adjustment, adversity intelligence and task commitment to academic flow. Research respondents were students of SMP Salafiyah Islamic Boarding School “Syekh Muhammad Arsyad Albanjary” grades 7, 8 and 9 totaling 175 people with simple random sampling technique. This study uses four measuring tools, namely the academic flow scale, self-adjustment scale, adversity intelligence scale and task commitment scale. Data analysis using multiple linear regression proves that there is a role for adjustment, adversity intelligence and task commitment to academic flow (F(3, 171)=2.139 p<0.05). Adjustment, adversity intelligence and task commitment also partially contributed significantly to academic flow (p < 0.05). It can be concluded that the academic flow of students in flood-prone areas can be influenced by their adjustment conditions, adversity intelligence, and task commitment.  KEYWORDS:  Bornu basin, Basement Complex, provenance, Pan African, U-Pb age.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Social Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 4 Manuscript Title : Terrorism in Northern Nigeria: An Appraisal of Its Impact on the Educational System
Author’s Name : 1Gbenemene Kpae* , 2Agoola S.Tajudeen
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  25-08-2021
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 61.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-II/Page – 03-09 [MAY-2021 EDITION ]
Article Code : SS-V61-I1-C2-MAY-2021
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
Doi No : 10.6084/m9.figshare.15456354
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ABSTRACTThe work examined terrorism and its impact on Education in Northern Nigeria. This study investigated how the rate of kidnapping and killing of school students and teachers in the Northern Nigeria has negatively affected the educational system. It also examined the level of attack on educational facilities in the North and how the Boko Haram sect has used schools as bases of its operation.  click here
 Lastly, the study investigated the responses of the Nigerian government to protect school children, teachers and educational facilities from attack. The theoretical framework adopted for this study is the general systems theory. The study is descriptive in nature. It dwells primarily on secondary sources of data, namely, textbooks, journal articles, newspaper publications and the internet. The technique of analysis adopted is content analysis. The study found that Boko Haram has killed and kidnapped thousands of school children and teachers. The study also found that the sect has destroyed several educational facilities.  The study further found that both Boko Haram and government forces have used several schools as their base of operation. All these have disrupted learning in the North. From the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made; the government should endeavor to find out the root cause of Boko Haram insurgency and why youths are being recruited easily to the terror group. Adequate security be made available to protect students and schools in the North so that children can continue their schools uninterrupted. Since poverty has been the number one harbinger of Boko Haram insurgency, efforts must be made to reduce the rate of poverty in the region. The Nigerian government must embark on effective poverty alleviation and human capital development programs for youth who are most vulnerable to recruitment and radicalization.KEYWORDS: Terrorism, kidnapping, education, Northern Nigeria, ransom..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Education [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 Manuscript Title : Provenance of the cretaceous to tertiary sequences in the Bornu Basin, Nigeria.
Author’s Name : Peter S. Ola ,John A. Adekoya2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-07-2021
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 59.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-0610 [MARCH-2021 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGEO-V59-I1-C1-MAR-2021
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
Doi No : 10.5281/zenedo.5089882
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ABSTRACTGeochronological ages derived from zircon grains (U – Pb age dating) from Basement Complex rocks surrounding the Bornu Basin, Nigeria and ditch cutting samples from six wells (Gaibu – 1,Kasade – 1, Kinasar – 1, Kutchali – 1, Mbeji – 1, Ngor – 1) located in different parts of the basin were compared in this study for provenance evaluation. Based on field work carried out, three main suites of crystalline rocks in and around the Bornu Basin sample dare: migmatite–gneiss complex, Older Granites (Pan African granites), and Tertiary Basalts.  click here
 The gross geochronological data from the Basement Complex rocks show the predominance of Pan African age varying from about 500-600 Ma. Few of the basement samples yielded higher ages, particularly those from Goza 2 and Kano road, which are characterized by U-Pb age ranging from more than 1500 to 2500 Ma. The U-Pb age of 13 ditch cutting samples taken from different stratigraphic units of different ages in six selected wells in the basin yielded ages that are remarkably similar except in two cases. Essentially, a mean age of about 600Ma was obtained for the samples. The geochronological data of the sediments, in spite of being deposited at different times in the Cretaceous and Tertiary, correlate neatly with those of the Basement Complex rocks surrounding the basin. This indicates that the bulk of the sediments in the Bornu Basin were derived from its surrounding Basement Complex rocks.KEYWORDS:  Bornu basin, Basement Complex, provenance, Pan African, U-Pb age.

N.B: We are still in the process of publication, more paper will be added shortly in this issue. 

(i) To Publish your paper in our upcoming issue send your article directly at article.ijf@gmail.com