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SEPTEMBER 2018/ Vol.29.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Biological Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 TITLE NAME: Determination of Atmospheric Particulate Matter Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Al-Diwaniyah City, Iraq.
Author’s Name : Mohammed Khadom Al-Kasser1   Foad Manher Alkam2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : IRAQ
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-04 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BGS-V29-I1-C1-SEP2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download PDF : Full article
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Abstract : The current study was conducted to determine Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the atmospheric total suspended particles (TSP) in Al- Diwaniyah city southern of Iraq. click here
 To achieve this, seven sites were identified in different location within the city. The results showed that the annual mean of PAHs concentrations ranged between non-detectable (ND) for Phen and BaA, and 2621.62  ng.m-3 for Chry. The findings showed that the annual mean of ∑11 PAHs reach 5031.44 ng.m-3. The results also showed that the human activities was the main sources of PAHs atmospheric pollution especially fossils fuel combustion for energy generation an transportation.KEYWORD: Total suspended particles, PAHs, fossils fuel combustion, carcinogenic..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 TITLE NAME : Assessment and evaluation of the potential of fungi agents against Parthenium ( Parthenium hysterophorus L.) Weed in relation to chemical herbicide
Author’s Name : Dr. Samuel Sahile1Nigest Asmelash2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : Ethiopia
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-II/Page – 05-10 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGS-V29-I1-C2-SEP2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

Download: Full article

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Abstract : Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus    L.) weed is an annual herb in the family Asteraceae which is characterized by deep tap root, pale green leaves and an erect stem that becomes woody gradually.  It is very harmful to human, animal, agriculture and environment. The aim of the present study is to assess and evaluate the distribution and management options of Parthenium around Gondar town.  The study was conducted in around Gondar town across the peripheral roads.click here
 The study consists of field survey and evaluation of management options and it was purposeful cross sectional experimental and with quantitative study. The whole plant bioassay, leaf detached bioassay and seed germination bio assay tested by species of fungi isolated from the leaves of Parthenium weed and chemicals (Glyphosate and 2, 4-D).  The most effective fungus spp. was Alternaria alternate that induced 83% leaf damaged area on the 7thday in both leaf detached bioassay and whole plant bioassay.  On the seed germination bioassay the most effective was Aspergilus niger (f1) that reduce the seed germination by 76.5% followed by Alternaria alternate(f4), Fusarium solani(f2), Fusarium pallidoroseum(f6),Gliocladium virens(f3), Colleotrichum gloeosporiodies(f5),2,4-D and Glyphosate that inhibit seed germination by 71.28%, 68.23%, 64%, 60.33%, 58.5%,  39% and 38.33% respectively. The importance of this study was to introduce the management options of Parthenium weed and to decrease the impact of Parthenium weeds. The study concluded that biological management options of Parthenium weed was more effective than chemical herbicides.KEY WORDS: Biological control, Chemical control, Distribution of Parthenium weed and Mycoherbicide

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Philosophy [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 TITLE NAME : FASTING AND THE BEATIFIC VISION- A Philosophical Appraisal of Fasting in Religious Experience
Author’s Name : Christopher Ikechukwu Asogwa (PhD)
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : Nigeria
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-III/Page – 11-16 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : PHL-V29-I1-C3-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : This paper appraised fasting in the religious experience of man. The main focus as such was to take a second look or re-examine the meaningfulness and truth, and religious significance of fasting. The justification of this effort is to be found in the fact that fasting is one of those common but crucial aspects of most religions which tends to always escape the scrutinizing attention of most philosophers of religion.click here
 The work actually looked simple only in the contemplation, the task of doing it actually was overbearing. This study was further necessitated by the need to constantly review the many tributaries to human heritage. Hence, this write-up on fasting as an aspect of human religious experience reached certain challenging conclusions.KEYWORDS Appraisal: To take a second look or re-examine the meaningfulness and truth and significance of things or issues. The justification of this effort is to be found in the fact that common but crucial aspects of things or issues tend to always escape scrutinizing attention.Abstinence: The action or practice of abstaining or refraining; forbearance.Fasting: All instances of deprivation, compulsory or optional, imposed or otherwise, of some or all the essentials of worldly life such as food, drink, sex or any other appetitive cravings for religious, political, social, economical and health reasons or purposes and for a definite period of time.Religious experience: This emphasizes a relationship between a higher and divine presence and a lower presence. The lower presence recognizes certain set of duties he owes to the higher divine presence. Man in time has developed these forms of interaction with his environment as the special experience called religion.  

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Philosophy [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 TITLE NAME : African countries and the need for a sustainable culture of  development
Author’s Name : Christopher Ikechukwu Asogwa (PhD)
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : Nigeria
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 17-20 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : PHL-V29-I1-C4-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation

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Abstract : Development has always been measured in terms of per capita income; level of political consciousness, availability of social amenities and the extent of guarantee of fundamental human rights. In other words development can only be ‘cured’ in a culture (a people’s way of life). This paper in full awareness and understanding of this proposes to establish that the present culture of most African countries-obviously colonial inheritance- cannot sustain the developmental thrust needed by the African to be where the developed countries are. The paper identified the indicators of underdevelopment. The paper also established with ample evidence that oriental culture may be far more suitable for a sustainable culture of development in the African countries. click here
CATEGORY : Research Topic on Inorganic Chemistry [ Original Research Article]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 TITLE NAME : Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Activity of some Mixed-Ligands Vital Metal Complexes of Levofloxacin as Potential Medical Agents
Author’s Name : Islam M. I. Moustafa1*, Helmy E. MegahedTamer S. A. El – Baddally3
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : EGYPT
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 21-31 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : IC-V29-I1-C5-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Two series of mixed-ligands metal complexes of Fe(III), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zr(IV) based on levofloxacin as primary ligand, 8-hydroxyquinolene and 1,10-phenanthroline as secondary ligands were prepared and characterized by elemental and thermal analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, UV-Vis. and ESR  spectroscopic techniques. The study showed  that levofloxacin interacted  with the metal ions as a mono basic bidentate ligand bound to the metal through the pyridone and one carboxylate oxygen atoms,  8-hydroxyquinoline bonded to metal ion  with its phenolic oxygen and ring nitrogen while 1,10-phenanthroline interacted through two ring nitrogen atoms thus producing stable mixed ligand complexes. click here
 The antibacterial activity of the complexes was tested against four different microorganisms where it was found that the complexes exhibited either comparable or increased antibacterial profile in comparison to the parent drug. The cytotoxic activities of some selected mixed ligands complexes were tested against HEPG2 cell line and compared to that of Vinblastine as a standard drug. The structural and molecular orbital calculations of the compounds were investigated theoretically by performing density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the structure, dynamics, surface properties, and thermodynamics of the inorganic systems. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies showed that intramolecular charge transfer occurs within the molecules.KEYWORD: mixed ligand complexes, Levofloxacin, antibacterial activity, cytotoxic activity, molecular molding, DFT theory..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Earth & Space Science Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 TITLE NAME : Energies basic numbers and geometry
Author’s Name : Gudrun Kalmbach H.E.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : GERMANY
Date of Publication:  05-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 32-37 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : ESS-V29-I1-C6-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article

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Abstract : In this article the MINT-Wigris model of the author for deuteron states is investigated for a new interpretation of well known natural or physical numbers. Planck numbers are the start. For nucleons and protons the hedgehog geometry with six energies are presented. In the final section the changing deuteron states are directed through a switschboard for experiments. It is driven by three color charges bound (potential, strong, weak) forces which act like motors for the inner time crystal dynamics (figure 3) of deuteron. click here
 The neutral color charge of nucleons is defined as an rgb-graviton, making geometrical (stereographic or orthogonal) projections. This octonian world is projected down from the strong complex 3-dimensional strong coordinates to 4-dimensional weak spacetime coordinates which allows its rippling as experimentally detected for graviton waves. Beside including gravity in a unification of the four basic forces the methods are new symmetries, the Moebius transformations, the use of Gleason triples for measurements (figure 4) and homogeneous projective geometry.   KEYWORDenergy, basic numbers, time crystal, geometry.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Environmental Science [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 TITLE NAME : Physio-Chemical assessment of water sources for drinking purpose in Badin City, Sindh Province, Pakistan, (Water Supply Schemes and Hand Pumps)
Author’s Name : Manzoor Ahmed Sanjrani1, *Hafeez Ahmed Talpur2, Shakeel Ahmed Talpur3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : PAKISTAN
Date of Publication:  10-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 38-44 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : ENV-V29-I1-C7-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Recently, water bodies contain several types of chemicals and the quantity is more than there were couples of years ago. Clean and safe drinking water is one of the basic needs of life and society. Pakistan is the country will all types of water resources, around the country, water quality is crossing the limit above WHO level standard for the drinking water of different big regions. Study area of this study is Badin city, Sindh province, Pakistan. Present study focused on “Physio-Chemical assessment of water sources for drinking purpose in Badin City, Sindh Province, Pakistan”.  click here
 Ten sites from Badin city were decided for sampling to assess the drinking water from different water bodies, the areas names are: Canal Water (Jamali Village), Hand Pump (Jamali Village), WSS Pond By Pass, Hand Pump (Laghari Village), Tap Water (Chandia Nangar), WSS Pond (Ward No-04), Filter Plant (Bilawal Park), Civil Hospital Badin, Iqra School Badin, Akram Canal etc. The Different physio-chemical parameters of water samples i.e. TDS, EC, color, temperature, odor, and pH of water samples were analyzed during sampling and further analyses of Hardness, chloride, nitrate, Bicarbonate, Sulfate and heavy metals such as Fluoride, Arsenic and the essential metal ions (Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, and Sodium) was conducted in the lab “Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources, Pakistan. Water sample from the Hand Pump (Laghari Village) and Hand Pump (Jamali Village) have been found contaminated above standard water quality, Samples from different sites showing different results and not suitable for drinking without proper treatment specially Hand Pump (Laghari Village) and Hand Pump (Jamali Village). To get clean safe drinking water, the concepts of house hold sand filter and innovative biosand filter is recommended and can be successfully applied as low cost techniques.KEYWORDS: Physiochemical evaluation, sources, water quality, drinking water, Badin.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
8 TITLE NAME : Association between NFKB1 (-94 ins/del ATTG) gene polymorphism and Multiple Sclerosis in the Turkish Population
Author’s Name : Arman A1, Erzaim N2, Isik, N3, Saridal M4 , Hoscan AY5 and List EO6
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : TURKEY
Date of Publication:  10-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VIII/Page – 45-49 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V29-I1-C8-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory and an autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). It is suggested that the NFκB signaling pathway is involved in MS development and that NFκB is a key transcription factor involved in the regulation of immune response, apoptosis and pathology of autoimmune diseases.  A recently discovered promoter polymorphism in NFKB1 (-94 insertion/deletion ATTG) gene may be associated with MS development.click here
The purpose of this study was to reveal the relationship between NFKB1 -94 insertion/deletion ATTG polymorphism and MS in a Turkish population. A total of 379 patients with MS and 214 healthy individuals from the Turkish population were investigated. The promoter region of NFKB1 gene was amplified DNAs from patients and controls by specific primers and their PCR products were digested by suitable enzyme.NFKB1 (-94 ins/del ATTG) genotype distribution showed a strong association with MS (p=0.0001), and the NFKB1 (-94 ins /del ATTG) allele frequency also showed a significant association to the disease (p = 0.011).Our results suggested that the NFKB1 -94 ins/del ATTG gene promoter polymorphism is associated with MS in the Turkish population.

KEYWORDS: Inflammation, Multiple Sclerosis,  NFKB1, Polymorphism,  Transcription Factors

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
9 TITLE NAME :Drug Target Identification and Inhibition of Aeromonas salmonicida Cytochrome Oxidase in the Treatment of Furunculosis Infected Clarias gariepnus
Author’s Name : Parker Elijah Joshua1 Chinedu Ifeanyi Atama2Olanrewaju Ayodeji Durojaye3Samuel Cosmas4,Collins Arthur Difa5
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IX/Page – 50-55 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V29-I1-C9-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : Background: Fishes are susceptible to a wide variety of bacterial pathogens.  Many of these bacteria capable of causing diseases are considered to be saprophytic in nature.  These bacteria only become pathogens when fishes are physiologically unbalanced, nutritionally deficient, or there are other stressors, i.e., poor water quality, overstocking, which allow opportunistic bacterial infections to proceed. Furuncles classically are described as a dark, raised tumefaction involving the skin, subcutis and underlying skeletal musculature.  These lesions will ulcerate and drain a serosanguinous fluid. These lesions develop from the localization of Aeromonas salmonicida bacteria in the muscle or skin.  The lesion histologically is characterized by marked necrosis of the skin, subcutis and skeletal muscle with mild to minimal acute inflammatory infiltrates in the acute stage.click here
Materials and Methods: A molecular docking study was carried out on five structurally diverse isolated clover compounds against Aeromonas salmonicida cytochrome oxidase, using the Autodock Vina software. The Swiss Model server was utilized in the 3D structure modelling of the cytochrome oxidase enzyme and extensive structure activity relationship study was also carried out on these molecules using the SwissADME.  The isolated compounds from clover were designed using the ChemAxon software. The scoring function (empirical binding free energy) was used in the estimation of the inhibitory activity of the protein-ligand complex.Results: The binding energy of acetyleugenol, furfural, gallic acid, methyl-n-amyl ketone, oleanolic acid, rhamnetin, sesquiterpene lactone and vanillin were -6.8, -4.6, -6.1, -4.6, -10.2, -9.4, -8.4 and -5.7Kcal/mol respectively. The low values (negative) of free binding energies displayed by the bioactive components of clover means that they show a high level of antibacterial activity. All compounds except the oleanolic acid violated none of the lipinski’s rule of 5 which makes them druglike.Conclusion: The results from the in-silico pharmacokinetics and molecular docking clearly indicated that the rhamnetin substituent may be a better antibacterial agent, having exhibited a good binding affinity with the Aeromonas salmonicida cytochrome oxidase and also showed good druglikeness characteristics. Laboratory synthesis and pre-clinical studies of the rhamnetin component with Aeromonas salmonicida cytochrome oxidase is recommended in order to confirm its potentials as a better antibacterial agent than the other compounds isolated from clover.

KEYWORDS:

Bacteria; Furuncules; Cytochrome oxidase; Molecular docking; Oleanolic acid

 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Animal Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
10 TITLE NAME : Microbe-Fermented Cassava Tuber Waste-Based Diets: Effects on Performance and Serum Biochemistry of Cockerel Finishers.
Author’s Name : Oniyelu, A. B1, Aro, S.O2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-X/Page – 56-60 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : AMLS-V29-I1-C10-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: The effects of dietary inclusion of microbe-fermented cassava tuber wastes on growth performance and serum biochemistry of cockerel finishers were evaluated in a 16-week experiment. The birds were randomly assigned to seven dietary treatments comprising thirty birds per treatment. Each treatment was replicated thrice with 10 birds per replicate. The cassava tuber wastes (cassava peels and cassava starch residues) were enriched through microbial fermentation using two different strains of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus delbrueckii and Lactobacillus coryneformis) and a fungus (Aspergillus fumigatus).  click here
Seven experimental diets were formulated to contain graded levels of the microbe-fermented cassava peel and cassava starch residue at 0%, 20%, 40% and 60%. Grade 1 (G1), the control treatment, contained 0% microbe-fermented cassava tuber wastes (CTWs), Grades 2 (G2), 3 (G3) and 4 (G4) contained 20%, 40% and 60%  microbe-fermented cassava peel (MFCP) while Grades 5 (G5), 6 (G6) and 7 (G7) contained 20%, 40% and 60% of  microbe-fermented cassava starch residues (MFCSR) respectively. Results showed that G4 had the lowest final body weight (1002.82±64.56g) while G1 had the highest (1635.19±32.45g). The poorest feed conversion ratio (FCR) of 8.77±0.62 was observed in G4 while the best (4.42±0.17) was recorded in G1. Serum total protein was highest in G6 (40.73±7.86g/l) and lowest in G1 (25.16±7.37g/l). Total protein (TP) in all the treatments with CTWs were higher than that of the control diet. Serum globulin was highest in G2 (28.28±5.14g/l) and lowest in G1 (14.96±7.31g/l). Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the CTW diets compared well with the control diet (487.60±12.17g/l) with the exception of G7 (243.80±59.80g/l). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was highest in G4 (23.67±14.52µ/l) but lowest in G2 (5.00±0.58µ/l). Conclusively, cockerels can be raised and finished on diets containing 20% inclusion of microbe-fermented cassava peels (MFCP) and 40% microbe-fermented cassava starch residue (MFCSR) without any adverse effects on performance and biochemical profile of the birds. At 60% level of both MFCP and MFCSR, poor performance and negative biochemical manifestations which may compromise normal physiological responses in cockerels could be observed.Keywords: Biochemistry, Cassava Tuber Wastes, Cockerel, Fermentation, Physiology, Serum.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Biological Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
11 TITLE NAME : PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF HOSPITAL TOO FAR (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)
Author’s Name :Lennox, J. A*., John, G.  E. and Asitok, A.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-10-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 29.0/Issue-I/Chapter-XI/Page – 61-65 [ SEPTEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BGS-V29-I1-C11-SEP2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : This study was carried out to determine the phytochemical and antimicrobial properties of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (hospital too far) leaves. The plant leaves were obtained from area gardens. The useful components of the leaves were extracted with distilled water (aqueous) and methanol. The phytochemical components both qualitative and quantitative were determined and their activities tested against some pathogenic bacteria. The results of the qualitative phytochemical screening revealed the presence of saponin, alkaloids, glycosides, polyphenols flavonoids, reducing compounds and trace  tannins. Phlobatanins, anthraquinones and hydroxymethyl anthraquinones were absent. Further, quantitative phytochemical analysis in (mg/100g) revealed that tannins, saponin, alkaloids, glycosides, polyphenols flavonoids and reducing compounds contain 0.21±0.02, 1.20±0.1, 2.50±0.1, 2.44±0.01, 9.18±0.1. 3.50±0.1, and 4.60±0.02 respectively. click here
It was observed that polyphenols had the highest quantity of 9.18 and tannin the lowest quantity 0.21mg/100g. The screening of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extracts against some pathogenic bacteria showed some positive antibacterial activity against the selected pathogens. The antimicrobial activities against the pathogenic test organisms ranged from 12.0mm to 17.0mm zones of inhibition at 5g/ml of the aqueous extract for S. aureus and E. coli. At 10g/ml of the aqueous extract, the inhibition zones ranged from20.5mm to 26.0 for S. typhi and P. aeruginosa. For the ethanol extract at 5g/ml, the zones of inhibition were 17.0mm, 18.0mm, 20.0mm, 21.0mm, 22.0mm, and 23.0mm for S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, K. pneumonia, S. typhi, E. coli and S. pyogenes respectively. At 10g/ml ethanol extract, the zones of inhibiyion were 27.5mm, 28.0mm, 28.5mm, 29.0mm, 30.0mm and 31.0mm for E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumonia, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi and S pyogenes respectively. All the extracts showed more effectiveness as compared to  Streptomycin and Septrin and compete favorably with Ciprofloxacin and Ofloxacin. Hospital too far has the potential therefore based on the results to be used to combat most of the diseases caused by the tested pathogens.

Key words: Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, phytochemical, antibacterial, antibiotics,  Hospital too far.

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
12 TITLE NAME : EVALUATION  OF  AFLATOXINS  AND   STORAGE  FUNGI  IN  SESAME, CHICKPEA  AND FABA BEAN EXPORT  COMMODITIES  FROM GONDAR TOWN, NORTH  WEST  ETHIOPIA
Author’s Name :  Samuel Sahile*1 Nadew Assefa2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  15-06-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 25.0/Chapter-X/Page – 76-82 [ MAY-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AGS-V25-I1-C10-MAY2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: Aflatoxins are highly toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic kind of mycotoxin. Consumption of aflatoxin contaminated commodities poses serious hazard to the health of human and animals. This study aimed to determine the Aflatoxin level and storage fungi quality of export commodities of sesame, chickpeas and faba beans from Gondar town. click here
 The post harvest grain samples were collected randomly from different cleaning warehouses and 60 samples were taken for analysis. By taking 25gm composite sample from each collected samples followed by washing and surface sterilization serial dilution were done and the dilution were poured on PDA plates for isolation and identification of storage fungi. The prevalence of fungi were high in chickpeas and faba beans (60%) followed by sesame. Aspergillus niger (30%, 35% and 40%) and Aspergillus fumigatus (25%, 40% and 45%) were the most frequently isolates followed by Aspergillus flavus (15%, 35% and 25%) from sesame chickpea and faba bean samples.  Aflatoxin B1 was detected in 11 samples representing 10.33% and aflatoxin B2 was detected in 1 sample. The highest incidence of aflatoxin contamination occurred in Chickpea (25%) followed by sesame and faba bean (15% each) while no aflatoxin G1 and G2 contamination was detected in all samples. Therefore, low level of storage fungi contamination and AFs occurs frequently in sesame, chickpea and faba bean and can be improved using proper harvesting practices, storage and transportation conditions. The small quantities of AFs warrant performing further investigation, monitoring and routine analysis on regular basis.
KEYWORDS : Aflatoxins, storage fungi, TLC, sesame, faba bean and chickpea.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Health Science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
13 TITLE NAME : The patterns of some Inflammatory Cytokine, C-Reactive Protein and Troponin-T  pre and post recovery stage of Moderate Exercise.
Author’s Name : Ehiaghe F. Alfred* and Digban A. Kester 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  15-06-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 25.0/Chapter-XI/Page – 83-86 [ MAY-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : HLS-V25-I1-C11-MAY2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: This study was designed to provide additional information on the roles and levels of some cytokines (interleukin-1β, interleukin-10), C-reactive protein, absolute white blood cells, red blood cell indices, Creatine kinase-MB and Troponin T circulating amongst Nigerian undergraduates’ pre and three hours post recovery stage of moderate exercise. click here
 A total of  77  healthy young undergraduates of Igbinedion University,Okada with an average age of 25.3 ± 4 years and body mass index of 26.7± 1.5(Kg/m2) participated fully in the randomized pre and post experimental study. The subjects took part in an endurance exercise by playing football for fifteen minutes. Hematological parameters were estimated using Sysmex® Automated Hematology Analyzer whereas; IL-1β, IL-10, CRP, TT, and CK-MB were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. The levels of IL-1β, IL-10, CRP and Troponin-T were significantly elevated at three hour post exercise stage when compared with pre stage while the levels of TLC, AGC, ALC, MCH, MCV, MCHC and CK-MB shows no significant difference at three hour post exercise when compared with pre exercise stage. It may be concluded that moderate exercise enhances the immunological responses during the three hours post recovery stage of moderate exercise but should be performed with caution to prevent over-activation of IL-1β and CRP which are potent stimulators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
KEYWORDS :   Moderate exercise, post-exercise stress, IL-1β, IL-10, CRP.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
14 TITLE NAME : Evaluating  Mentoring Alternatives : A Comparative  Study  of  the  role of  Peer and Subordinate  Relationships  in Career Development  in Nigerian Public  Sector.
Author’s Name : Dr. Joy, Nonyelum Ugwu 1Dr. Esther, Nneka Maduagwu 2,  & Dr. Nnadi, Chikezie Sunday Onoh 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  30-04-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 23.0/
Chapter-VII/Page – 40-46 [ MARCH-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V23-I1-C7-MCH2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : This study examined mentoring alternatives; the role of peer relationships in career development. The study took a descriptive survey approach and data was sourced from the 50 completed and returned five point likert scale questionnaire administered on the junior and senior staff of Ministry of finance and Office of the accountant General in Enugu state who has gone through mentorship programme. The data gathered was analyzed with One-Way ANOVA using the 17.0 version of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS).  click here
 Peer mentorship (PM) was compared to Superior mentorship progrmme (SP). The result as obtained led to the conclusion that peer mentorship has a great influence on the career development of employees in ministry of finance more than superior mentorship programme. This is associated with the free flow of communication and unhindered exchange of ideas between peers. It was recommended that organizations should include peer mentorship in their career development programme mix.Keywords: Career Development, Job Security, Mentoring Alternatives, Peer Relationship. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
15 TITLE NAME : Porter’s Theory of  Competitive  Advantage  among  selected SMEs in Anambra State : An Empirical  Review of  its applications.
Author’s Name : Dr. Peter Ositadinma Ndubuisi
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  30-04-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 23.0/
Chapter-VIII/Page – 46-52 [ MARCH-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V23-I1-C8-MCH2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractThis study examines the extent of the application of porter’s theory of competitive advantage among selected SMES in Anambra state. The researcher used the descriptive survey approach to gather data for this study. The population of the study comprises of 207 middle level and senior members of staff drawn from ten SMEs in Anambra state. click here
 The researcher however using convenience or purposive sampling technique selected 163 employees out of the population of study. A five point likert scale questionnaire that covered the different areas of extent of Porter’s theory application in SMEs competitiveness and profitability was used to elicit response from the respondents. The statistical tool used for data analysis in this paper is the Non-Parametric Kruskalwallis test (H) using the 15.0 version of the Minitab statistical software (MSS). From the result obtained, the researcher concludes that porter’s five forces model plays key role in the competitiveness and strategy decisions of SMEs in Anambra state.  Sequel to the result, the researcher recommends that operators and managers of SMEs should effectively adopt the new model which contains all the parts of Porter’s original model in addition to Innovation and Complementary Product.Keywords: Competitiveness, SMEs, Profitability, Strategic, Porter’s theory.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Applied Science (English Language)

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
16 TITLE NAME : Role of Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) for Geologycal, Hydro-Geophysical investigation for sitting water well : A case study of UKE, East Wollega Zone, Western part of Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Dr. Shayaq Ali and Dr. Gaddissa Deyassa
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  07-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-IX/Page – 38-43 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V20-I1-C9-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: Groundwater is precious resource for life growth and development of country. Hence, reliance on the groundwater has increased greatly. This research was conducted in the Uke town, East Wollega zone, western part of Ethiopia.  The study catchment is a watershed area drained by a small stream that joins Anger river from southern direction. The topographic variation in the study catchment ranges from 1287 to about 1337m. click here
The occurrence of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the study area and this includes fine grained sandstone which is variably exposed in stream cut and at the bank of Anger river.  Bedding structures that reaches as thick as 25cm are observed on the sandstone, however, thinly bedded with evident lamellae are abundantly exposed at the bank of Anger river. The regional stratigraphic sequence suggests that the Paleozoic sandstone overlays the eroded surface of Precambrian basement rocks. The major hydro geologic unit in the study area is the sandstone rock which covers the major portion of the study area. The sandstone is subjected to fracturing, jointing and local faulting processes.This paper presents the results of geological, hydro-geophysical investigation carried out over the study area  and the objective of  this study  for sitting water well in  water bearing horizon, correct location, depth of aquifer well,  and good  discharge rate. This is possible by a systematic exploration of groundwater using by different scientific tools and also using geological, hydro geological and geophysical methods provides valuable information with respect to distribution, thickness, and depth of groundwater bearing formation zones. In this research, using in geophysical methods, only Vertical Electrical sounding (VES), because it is low cost and relatively high reliable accuracy in   results.  Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) survey was carried out by using the symmetrical Schlumberger expanding spread.  In this method, the resistivity measurements were taken by progressively increasing the Potential Electrode (MN) along with a relatively large increment of the Current Electrode (AB/2). The Potential Electrode (MN) separation ranges from 1m to 90m whereas; the Current Electrode Separation (AB/2) of 500m was stretched to achieve maximum depth of penetration. Signal Average System Terra meter300C was used for the resistivity measurement of resistivity survey. Like the model for VES1 the model for VES2 also represented 5 geo electric layers.  The first layer has resistivity value of about 27Ωm. and  this represents dry silty alluvial soil with thickness nearly 2meter. The second layer with significantly reduced resistivity value of about 16Ωm can possibly be interpreted to be sandy to silty soil of thickness nearly 10m. This succession gradually grades to fractured sandstone bedrock as it is manifested by relative increment of resistivity value to about 640Ωm. The study area, the major identified potential aquifers are the fractured bedrock, it comprises fractured, jointed and bedded sandstone. Groundwater Potential sites (proposed well sites) are selected based on converging evidences of litho logy and structures.Keywords : Aquifer, Groundwater exploration, Paleozoic sandstone, Resistivity, Vertical electrical sounding.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Entomology

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
17 TITLE NAME :“Successful Reproductive Cycle Strategy (Extra-pair copulations in Nicrophorus Germanicus (LINNAEUS,1758)) ( Nicrophorus Kirby; Silphidae Coleoptera”
Author’s Name : Sergey Viktorovich Pushkin
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : RUSSIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-X/Page – 44-46 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : ENTO-V20-I1-C10-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: The parent instincts male burying beetles, Nicrophorus spp. are put under doubt when, conspecific females invade on a substratum prepared for oviposition. Though females provide males with padding possibilities of pairing, they put under threat a survival of the male’s brood of “parent”.  click here
To research sexual answer of the parent’s males to females, which invade in their nests, we added the virginal beetles (female) to nest conspecific a steam, which already have initiated to care of descendants. Half of the females (invader) were inseminated by males the parents in trials, with Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758). In work the author reduces the experimental data obtained during laboratory learning of genesial cycle and the sexual ratioes for the beetles of a genus Nicrophorus Kirby Nicrophorus germanicus. Extra-pair copulations for Coleoptera are poorly investigated. In work this act for N. germanicus for the first time is featured. In work we shall try to give an explanation to the obtained outcomes. Keywords : Extra-Pair Copulations, Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758), Parental Care, Brood-Care Behavior, Burying Beetles.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
18 TITLE NAME : “Rice (Oryza Sativa) cultivation in temperature areas of India
Author’s Name : Tanweer-Ul-Hassan Malik,  Abrar Baba,  S.A Haji,  Shams- Ud-Din Mir and Showket A Dar
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-XI/Page – 47-57 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AGS-V20-I1-C11-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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ORIGIN OF RICE: Rice botanically called as Oryza Sativa, is associated with wet, humid climate, though it is not a tropical plant. It is probably a descendent of wild grass that was most likely cultivated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. Another school of thought believes that the rice plant may have originated in southern India,  click here
then spread to the north of the country and then onwards to China. It then arrived in Korea, the Philippines about 2000 BC, and then Japan and Indonesia 1000 BC(Anonymous, 2012).Further, genetic evidence has shown that rice originates from a single domestication 8,200–13,500 years ago (Molina et al., 2011) in the Pearl River valley region of China(Huanget al., 2012).India is also believed to be the origin of the rice (Pallavi 2011).In 327 B. C., it is believed thatfrom Greece, the Arab travelers took rice to Egypt, Morocco and Spain and that is how it travelled all across Europe.The journey of rice around the world has been slow, but once it took root it stayed and became a major agriculture and economic product for the people. In the Indian subcontinent more than a quarter of the cultivated land is given to rice (20011-14). It is a very essential part of the daily meal in the southern and eastern parts of India. In the northern and central parts of the subcontinent, where wheat is frequently eaten, rice holds its own position and is cooked daily as well as on festivals and special occasions.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
19 TITLE NAME : “ A comparative analysis of the relationship of nature of poverty with Zakat collection and real gross domestic product : An empirical study in the context of Indonesia
Author’s Name : S. Nisthar &  A.A.M.Nufile
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XII/Page – 58-67 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C12-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the comparative contribution of the collection of Zakat (Islamic social integrated finance) and Real Gross Domestic Product (RGDP) to the nature of poverty in Indonesia quantitative methodology. The time series data used in this study were collected from BAZNAS 2017 and web site – country. economy.   click here
 The tools in the method used were correlation, regression, causality, Johansen co-integration, normality, autocorrelation LM, and hetereoskedasticy / homoskedasticity. The data were analyzed using the statistical software – Eviews 6.0. The two regression models were constructed to achieve the objective of this study such as model 01 and model 02. In the model one, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was the dependent variable and the collection of Zakat was the independent variable. In the model 02, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was independent variable. There was a significant relationship between HCI and the collection of Zaka in Indonesia. There was an inverse relationship between HCI and the collection of Zakat. One percent of increase in the collection of Zakat decreases in HCI (alleviation in the nature of poverty) by 5.5units in Indonesia whereas there were 2.8 units of decrease in the nature of poverty (HCI) due to the increase in RGDP without significant relationship between both the variables. The policy makers and the government of Indonesia could be made aware of using the findings of this study so as to adopt the appropriate strategic macroeconomic management.Keywords: Head Count Index, Poverty, Read Gross Domestic Product, Zakat, Indonesia.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
20 TITLE NAME : “ The relationship among Export, Import and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka: Co-integration analysis.
Author’s Name : V.Vaiharathan1,  A.A.M.Nufile2   &  S.Nisthar3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIII/Page – 68-71 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C13-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to find out the co-integration vectors or the long run relationship among the variables of export, import and Economic growth (GDP) on Sri Lankan context. The annual time series data used in this study were collected from the Annual Report of Central Bank of Sri Lanka during the period from 1950 to 2015.  click here
 The variables used in this study were Exports, Imports and Economic Growth (GDP) to achieve the objective of this study. The dependent variable in this study was Economic Growth (GDP) and the independent variables used in this study were Exports and Imports. The methodology used in this study was quantitative using the secondary data source. The data used in this study were analyzed by using the statistical software E-Views 7 to find out the long run relationship between the variables through the co-integration analysis. Johansen and Juselius methods were used to find the co-integration relationship. Typically this was found that within the period of 1980 to 2015, in Sri Lankan macroeconomic environment, the gross domestic product, export and import had been encompassed with a long run equilibrium relationship.Keywords: Co-integration, Economic Growth, Import, Export, Time Series.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Animal Science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
21 TITLE NAME : Husbandry Practices and Egg production Performances of Exotic Chicken Breeds in Assosa Town, Beneshangul Gumuze Region, Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Mekonnen N. ;  Begna F.  &  Abraha S.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIV/Page – 72-80 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V18-I1-C14-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: The study was undertaken during April up to June 2016 in Assosa town of Benishangul Gumuze regional state, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to explore husbandry practices and egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area.  click here
 A cross-sectional systematic random survey of 34 households was undertaken by using semi-structured and pre tested questionnaire. Information on management practices (breeding, feeds, feeding, watering, housing, sanitation, disease and parasite control etc.), production systems, egg production performances (egg size, , age at first lay, number of eggs laid etc) and  constraints of  exotic  chicken kept in Assosa town  was generated by semi-structured questionnaire. The primary data collected from household survey was processed and analyzed by using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20.0 software. Descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean, ranking, standard deviation, and cross tabulation were used to analyze the data quantitatively. Data gathered through key informant interview, focus group discussion and personal observation were analyzed qualitatively to strengthen data obtained from household survey. Methods of triangulation were used to measure the validity of the data. It was found that large numbers (10.26±8.83) of exotic chicken were kept by the respondents in the study area. Due to its small space and lower initial capital requirement sample household’s ranked chicken as the first important animals kept in the study area. The main purposes of keeping exotic chicken in the study area were for generation of income/sale which was followed by consumption.  The most important feed resources of exotic chicken kept in the study area were feed obtained from scavenging, house hold wastes, market left over, and industrial by products and grain supplement. Majority of the households accommodated their exotic chicken in separate house constructed for confinement of the chicken. The higher mortality rate of exotic chicken in the study area was caused by disease, predator and injuries. The most commonly happening and economically important disease in the study area was Newcastle.  The commonly observed predators in the study area were cat, dog and snake.  Egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area in general was a bit better than local chicken but not at its satisfactory level. Health and feed problems respectively were the first and the second constraint of exotic chicken production in the study area. Therefore area based development interventions could help to increase productivity of exotic chicken and thereby enhance the livelihood of small holders.Keywords: Assosa, town, breed, management, exotic, chicken.

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