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AUGUST 2018/ Vol.28.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 TITLE NAME: Agricultural Insurance in Ghana: An Examination of Concepts, Structure and Challenges 
Author’s Name : Nicholas Oppong Mensah1 , Simon Cudjo Fialor2, DadsonAwuny  Vitor3 and Edward Yeboah4
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : GHANA
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-08 [ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGS-V28-I1-C1-AUG2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download PDF : Full article
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Abstract Ghana has a target to achieve in the millennium development goal one by 2015 using agriculture as one of the panaceas to poverty reduction. This is because agriculture has the potential to transform the economy as it employs 60% of the labour force and in particular those in the rural areas.  However, climate change threatens this objective; leaving rural households vulnerable to poverty traps.
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 This review sought to examine how agricultural insurance in relation to concept, structure and prospect is providing timely and relevant response to mitigate the negative impact of climate change on agricultural production. The methodology adapted for the review was largely the use of primary data and information collected through interviews and participant observation supported with content analysis of existing publication on agricultural insurance. The review has identified two key projects that have developed insurance products for farmers. These projects are Innovative Insurance Project for Adaptation to Climate Change (IIPACC) and Ghana Agricultural Insurance Pool (GAIP).These projects have developed drought index insurance and area yield index insurance for maize and soya beans for seven regions in Ghana as a coordinated response to mitigating the negative effect of   climate change consequently to reduce poverty. Although, these insurance products are developed it is not clear how the farmers are responding to the uptake of these insurance products. In addition, it has been observed that these products are limited to maize and soybean farmers. It is therefore, recommended that a study should be conducted to assess the level of utilization of these insurance products by farmers. Furthermore, insurance product should be developed to cover perils that affect other crops, livestock, poultry and fisheries.Keywords: Agricultural Insurance, Climate Change, Poverty Reduction, Ghana.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Short Communication ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 TITLE NAME : Teaching versus learning in a personal perspective
Author’s Name : Dr. Nida Zakiand Prof. Dr Muhammad Zia Iqbal2
Article Type : Short Communication 
Country from : United Kingdom
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-II/Page – 09-11[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C2-AUG2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

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Abstract : Objective: To communicate the personal experience between teaching and learning in medical schools in traditional setup and problem based (PBL) setup. Methodology:  It is a short communication based on personal experiences of two writers that narrates the basic difference between methodology of studies in medical schools in traditional setup and Problem based (PBL) setup. Bothe writers were trained in a traditional medical school, where they started medical education with two years of ‘pre-clinical’ training, followed by the ‘clinical’ training, of approximately three years, during which they worked in hospital wards under the supervision of consultants to get hand on training in medical and surgical procedures. At the end of five years of medical education, they cleared the final examination with high marks. The grades evaluated the memory, but what they learnt was never assessed.click here
 In comparison, the system of PBL was observed by writers which they realized is more suitable and useful as far as learning is concerned.  Results:  It was experience by the writers that PBL is a student’s based learning process where students are given medical scenarios to resolve and learn from. For learning they depend on self-directed learning and group work. Conclusion: PBL is experienced to be an effective system of learning in medical schools that keeps the learning more important than teaching.Key-word: Problem based learning (PBL), Teaching, Learning. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Case Report ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 TITLE NAME : Management of Very Severe Hyperlipidaemias: A rare case report
Author’s Name : Dr. Asad Rafi1, Dr. Poochellam Muthalagu2 and Dr. Salman Idrees Bhutta3
Article Type : CASE STUDY
Country from : IRELAND
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-III/Page – 12-14[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C3-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract Hyperlipidaemia and hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is an independent risk factor for accelerated cardiovascular disease and acute pancreatitis. Our patient presented with very severe hyperlipidaemias and we successfully managed with using heparin and insulin. Heparin and insulin regime appear to be safe, effective and inexpensive first line therapy for inpatient management of severe hyperlipidaemias.click here

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 TITLE NAME : The Effects of Ischaemic Compression and Myofascial Release Technique on the Local Tissue Temperature and Functional Parameters of the Patients with Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Randomised Controlled Trial
Author’s Name : Emel Sonmezer
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : TURKEY
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IV/Page – 15-22[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C4-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : The aim of this study is to determine the effects of ischaemic compression (IC) and myofascial release (MR) techniques on local tissue temperature, range of motion (ROM) and pain parameters in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). This single blind, randomised controlled trial study was carried on 60 patients who were diagnosed with MPS and had an active TP on the upper trapezius muscle. Patients were randomly divided into three groups. IC was applied to the first group (IC group), IC and MR were applied to the second group (IC+MR group) and sham IC was applied to the third group (sham group).  click here
 Local tissue temperature was assessed with digital electronic infrared thermography; pain parameters were evaluated with a pressure pain algometer and visual analogue scale. Neck ROM was measured with an electronic inclinometer. All assessments were recorded before the treatment, just after the treatment and 24 hours after the treatment. In the IC group, the target tissue temperature showed a rapid decrease following the third minute after the application. Then, post-treatment tissue temperature reached the maximum level at the fifth minute. After IC+MR application, target tissue temperature showed a linear increase and reached the maximum level at the fifth minute. There were significant improvements in tissue temperature, pain threshold, pain intensity and ROM after treatment in both the IC group and IC+MR group; however, in the sham group, there were no significant differences in these parameters. IC and MR improve the local temperature of the target tissue. Considering local temperature is related to tissue vascularisation, both IC and MR treatment techniques can be effectively used to treat ischaemia induced-pain generated by trigger points in patients with MPS.Keywords: Myofascial pain, trigger point, thermography, manual therapy.

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Biological Science [ Review Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 TITLE NAME : Canadian ginseng (Panax quinquefolius): A pharmacological review
Author’s Name : Maëlle Garnier1, Alain Bonjean2
Article Type :  REVIEW ARTICLE 
Country from : SWITZERLAND
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 23-30[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : BGS-V28-I1-C5-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : Panax quinquefolius has been used for centuries by native Amerindians and in Traditional Chinese medicine, due to its several beneficial and healing properties. In traditional medicine, it is considered to be complementary with the Chinese ginseng, P. ginseng: P. quinquefolius is a yang tonic, that has cooling effect and promotes respiratory and digestive health; whereas P. ginseng is a yin tonic that has a warming effect, and promotes a healthy circulatory system.click here
These activities are reported to be coming from a group of actives molecules specific to the Panax genus, some triterpenoid saponins called ginsenosides. Many studies reported the pharmacological activities of P. quinquefolius and its ginsenosides, including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-fatigue, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cardio-protective and immunomodulatory properties. Keywords – Canadian ginseng, ginsenosides, Panax quinquefolius, saponins.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Education Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 TITLE NAME : The Macho Man: Untold Experiences
Author’s Name : Bernardo A. Zabala Jr.1  and Miguel R. Santos2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : PHILIPPINES
Date of Publication:  05-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 31-36[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : EDU-V28-I1-C6-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

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Abstract : This study presents a social illness and considered one of the chronic problems among males in all walks of life; the male person delve on their lifestyle, experiences, causes, modes operandi and their transactions of their activities. Qualitative research through case study using purposive sampling. Prior consent were sought prior to the study conducted in the province of Nueva Ecija, with the following criteria at least 15 years old to 22 years of age at the time when they started flesh trading, high school student when they started the activity, good looking person, not known by their parents of their activity, and volunteered and actively participated in the whole process of the study, and no money consideration, any reward or of any kind were collected from the participants. There were ten (10) selected among sixty nine informants were chosen.
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 Survey questionnaire, observations, interviews and focused group discussion were the instruments used. Frequency count, percentage, and weighted mean were used to represent the real identity of the informants. They vary on their lifestyles, particular in physiological aspects and spiritual aspects.The causes were socially and environmentally disturbed. They used alluring tricks to deceive their customers. Body languages and groaning sounds or seductive words used to seduce their clients.Respondents were socialized with other people to conceal their activities. They have vices like drinking alcoholic beverages, smoking cigarettes and also hawked in taking prohibited drugs. They used pimps, give pictures and mobile phone numbers to their prospective customers..

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Case Report ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 TITLE NAME : A patient with synchronous Head and Neck primaries, a squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue with papillary thyroid cancer – A case report.
Author’s Name : Dr. Ahmed S. Abdulsamad1, Dr. Sadir J. Alrawi2, Dr.Thamir Alkasab3, Dr.Tamer Madi4, Dr.Humaa Darr5, Dr.Humaid O. Al-shamsi6
Article Type : CASE REPORT
Country from : UAE
Date of Publication:  07-09-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 28.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 37-41[ AUGUST-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V28-I1-C7-AUG2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article

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Abstract : Background: We report a rare case in Al-Zahra Cancer Center in Dubai of two Head and Neck malignancies in a 53 years old patient; Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and papillary thyroid carcinoma occurring as synchronous cancers in the left side of the neck. These two pathologically distinct malignancies of head and neck subsites in one patient is a rare phenomenon to be further evaluated. click here
Case presentation: Fifty three years old gentleman from Iraq presented with a painless left tongue ulcer with an indurated, irregular margin with elevated edges and necrotic floor, along with left thyroid suspicious nodule, left hemiglossectomy revealed an invasive moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue pT2 and Left hemithyroidectomy done with welldifferentiated papillary thyroid cancer follicular variant. Conclusion: High index of suspicion and thorough work up is essential in follow up of patients with head and neck primary cancers. The importance of multidisciplinary team work should be stressed on in evaluating patients with Head and Neck cancer and the importance of proper staging before planning a surgery. However, which patients are at increased risk of double primaries, is still unknown. Keywords: thyroid, tongue, cancer, synchronous, doubles primaries.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
8 TITLE NAME : GLOBALIZATION  AND  ENVIRONMENTAL  SUSTAINABILITY :  EFFECTS  ON  STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
Author’s Name : JOEL, AUGUSTUS – DADDIE 1* DAPPER  EDWIN  M NWIKO, LEKIA ANDREWS  3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-07-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 26.0/Chapter-VI/Page – 22-26 [ JUNE-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V26-I1-C6-JN2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: This paper focused on Globalization and Environmental Sustainability: Effects on Strategic Management. The researchers used the descriptive survey approach to gather data for the study. The population of the study comprises of 250 middle and senior members of staff drawn from ten manufacturing and service providing firms in Aba, Abia state.  click here
 The researchers however using convenience sampling technique selected 103 employees out of the population of study. A four point likert scale questionnaire that covered the different areas of globalization and environmental sustainability impact on strategic management was used to elicit response from the respondents. The data gathered were then ranked as follows: SA= 4, A = 3, D = 2, SD = 1. The researchers concluded that cultural mix is becoming an imperative aspect of internationalization strategy formulation and implementation, hence; organizations are largely influenced by their cultural orientation and that globalization and environmental sustainability impacts on the competitiveness of firms significantly. The researchers recommend that global view must be taken into consideration when developing strategies among Nigerian firms in order to ensure that their strategies are holistic and that global environmental sensitivity training should be made a compulsory part of workforce orientation and future training. This will equip top executives with the basic skills to effectively monitor and deal with changes arising from global trends.KEYWORDS: Globalization, strategic management, sustainability.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
9 TITLE NAME : AGRICULTURAL  DEVELOPMENT  MANAGEMENT  IN  NIGERIA :  MAXIMIZING NIGERIAN  YOUTH  POPULATION  THROUGH  AGROPRENEURSHIP
Author’s Name : DR. PETER OSITADINMA NDUBUISI
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-07-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 26.0/Chapter-VII/Page – 27-35 [ JUNE-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V26-I1-C7-JN2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : This paper is on agricultural development management: calling on youths to return to the farm with Orumba North L.G.A as the case study. The study adopted a survey approach and a five point likert scale was used to elicit response from 80 respondents that were selected using purposive sampling method.   click here
 Data gathered was analyzed using simple percentage while hypotheses were tested with the non-parametric chi-square test using the 20.0 version of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Findings from the study revealed that the contribution of agriculture to the aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) of Nigeria is still at its lowest and though there is a recent call to lure the youths back to farm, failure to provide a friendly business atmosphere for agribusinesses to thrive through functional and supportive policies may have dissuaded the youths from getting involved into agriculture. The researcher therefore concludes that public policy makers in the agriculture sector should develop and implement policies that enhance agribusiness in order to promote youth’s participation. It was recommended that to attract youths back to farm, government should provide economic to youth farmers, provide trade policies such as  making  available  high  breed  seedlings, bumper harvest purchase plan to forestall spoilage and put in place social policies that promotes the perception and image of agriculture.KEYWORDS : Agric Development, Agropreneurship, Entrepreneurship, Youths.. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
10 TITLE NAME : CORPORATE   GOVERNANCE  AND  THE  PERFORMANCE  OF  MANUFACTURING  COMPANIES  IN  SOUTH-SOUTH,  NIGERIA
Author’s Name : NWIKO, LEKIA ANDREWS 1* FLORENCE ONYINYECHI IROANWUSI ILEKON BARIBE GODWILL 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-07-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 26.0/Chapter-VIII/Page – 36-42 [ JUNE-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V26-I1-C8-JN2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: This paper investigated the effect Corporate Governance has on the Performance of Aluminum Manufacturing Companies in South-South, Nigeria. The study used survey approach and covered a population of 305 management staff of 25 selected Aluminium manufacturing firms from the six states of south-south region of Nigeria. click here
 Judgmental sampling technique was used to select 221 members of staff, however, only 198 copies of the survey tool was accurately filled and returned. The data used in this study was generated from both primary and secondary sources but a questionnaire titled corporate governance and the performance of manufacturing companies (CG&PoMC) was the major instrument for data collection. The statistical tool used for data analysis was the one way ANOVA test using the 23.0 version of the SPSS. The study concludes that the effects of corporate governance on the performance of Aluminium manufacturing firm are very manifest, hence; should be given adequate consideration. The result may have also revealed the reason while most medium scale manufacturing firms in Nigeria do not emphasize the composition and institutionalization of corporate boards in their firms as they may have considered it of low consequence viz-a-viz overall corporate performance. It was recommended that; the cost of maintaining corporate governance structures in the organizations should be controlled in order to ensure that it does not negate the cost efficiency goals of the organization, there is need to give orientation on the principles of corporate governance to the owners, employers and employees of medium scale manufacturing firms. This will help reduce resentment to corporate governance and promote stakeholders’ satisfaction. and that to ensure that corporate governance contributes maximally to market competitiveness, workers especially the marketing force should be trained in order to enable them effectively incorporate its tenets when developing marketing strategies.KEYWORDS: Corporate financial policy, Management ownership, Corporate board, Organizational performance.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
11 TITLE NAME : LEVERAGING  STRATEGIC  ALLIANCE  IN  PARTNERING  FOR  COMPETITIVENESS : THE PLACE  OF  SMALL  BUSINESSES  IN  NIGERIA
Author’s Name : JOY, NONYELUM UGWU 1* ESTHER, NNEKA MADUAGWU NNADI CHIKEZIE SUNDAY ONOH 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-07-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 26.0/Chapter-IX/Page – 43-49 [ JUNE-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V26-I1-C9-JN2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : This study examined Leveraging Strategic Alliance in Partnering for Competitiveness: The Place of Small Businesses in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey and it covered a population of 61 staff of twos elected small and medium scale enterprises in Nnewi. Anambra State. click here
 A sample of 53 members of staff was selected using the Taro Yamene formular. Data was gathered through both primary and secondary sources and was analyzed using analysis of variance technique (ANOVA) with the aid of 17.0 version of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). It was concluded that SMEs should leverage strategic alliance in order to benefit from capabilities and competitive advantages which they cannot provide for themselves. The study recommended among others that SMEs should take advantage of cost-sharing emanating from strategic alliance to enhance their cost efficiency.KEYWORDS: Alliance, Affiliate marketing, Competitiveness, Outsourcing, Strategic. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
12 TITLE NAME : EVALUATION  OF  AFLATOXINS  AND   STORAGE  FUNGI  IN  SESAME, CHICKPEA  AND FABA BEAN EXPORT  COMMODITIES  FROM GONDAR TOWN, NORTH  WEST  ETHIOPIA
Author’s Name :  Samuel Sahile*1 Nadew Assefa2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  15-06-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 25.0/Chapter-X/Page – 76-82 [ MAY-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AGS-V25-I1-C10-MAY2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: Aflatoxins are highly toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic kind of mycotoxin. Consumption of aflatoxin contaminated commodities poses serious hazard to the health of human and animals. This study aimed to determine the Aflatoxin level and storage fungi quality of export commodities of sesame, chickpeas and faba beans from Gondar town. click here
 The post harvest grain samples were collected randomly from different cleaning warehouses and 60 samples were taken for analysis. By taking 25gm composite sample from each collected samples followed by washing and surface sterilization serial dilution were done and the dilution were poured on PDA plates for isolation and identification of storage fungi. The prevalence of fungi were high in chickpeas and faba beans (60%) followed by sesame. Aspergillus niger (30%, 35% and 40%) and Aspergillus fumigatus (25%, 40% and 45%) were the most frequently isolates followed by Aspergillus flavus (15%, 35% and 25%) from sesame chickpea and faba bean samples.  Aflatoxin B1 was detected in 11 samples representing 10.33% and aflatoxin B2 was detected in 1 sample. The highest incidence of aflatoxin contamination occurred in Chickpea (25%) followed by sesame and faba bean (15% each) while no aflatoxin G1 and G2 contamination was detected in all samples. Therefore, low level of storage fungi contamination and AFs occurs frequently in sesame, chickpea and faba bean and can be improved using proper harvesting practices, storage and transportation conditions. The small quantities of AFs warrant performing further investigation, monitoring and routine analysis on regular basis.
KEYWORDS : Aflatoxins, storage fungi, TLC, sesame, faba bean and chickpea.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Health Science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
13 TITLE NAME : The patterns of some Inflammatory Cytokine, C-Reactive Protein and Troponin-T  pre and post recovery stage of Moderate Exercise.
Author’s Name : Ehiaghe F. Alfred* and Digban A. Kester 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  15-06-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 25.0/Chapter-XI/Page – 83-86 [ MAY-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : HLS-V25-I1-C11-MAY2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: This study was designed to provide additional information on the roles and levels of some cytokines (interleukin-1β, interleukin-10), C-reactive protein, absolute white blood cells, red blood cell indices, Creatine kinase-MB and Troponin T circulating amongst Nigerian undergraduates’ pre and three hours post recovery stage of moderate exercise. click here
 A total of  77  healthy young undergraduates of Igbinedion University,Okada with an average age of 25.3 ± 4 years and body mass index of 26.7± 1.5(Kg/m2) participated fully in the randomized pre and post experimental study. The subjects took part in an endurance exercise by playing football for fifteen minutes. Hematological parameters were estimated using Sysmex® Automated Hematology Analyzer whereas; IL-1β, IL-10, CRP, TT, and CK-MB were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. The levels of IL-1β, IL-10, CRP and Troponin-T were significantly elevated at three hour post exercise stage when compared with pre stage while the levels of TLC, AGC, ALC, MCH, MCV, MCHC and CK-MB shows no significant difference at three hour post exercise when compared with pre exercise stage. It may be concluded that moderate exercise enhances the immunological responses during the three hours post recovery stage of moderate exercise but should be performed with caution to prevent over-activation of IL-1β and CRP which are potent stimulators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
KEYWORDS :   Moderate exercise, post-exercise stress, IL-1β, IL-10, CRP.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
14 TITLE NAME : Evaluating  Mentoring Alternatives : A Comparative  Study  of  the  role of  Peer and Subordinate  Relationships  in Career Development  in Nigerian Public  Sector.
Author’s Name : Dr. Joy, Nonyelum Ugwu 1Dr. Esther, Nneka Maduagwu 2,  & Dr. Nnadi, Chikezie Sunday Onoh 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  30-04-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 23.0/
Chapter-VII/Page – 40-46 [ MARCH-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V23-I1-C7-MCH2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : This study examined mentoring alternatives; the role of peer relationships in career development. The study took a descriptive survey approach and data was sourced from the 50 completed and returned five point likert scale questionnaire administered on the junior and senior staff of Ministry of finance and Office of the accountant General in Enugu state who has gone through mentorship programme. The data gathered was analyzed with One-Way ANOVA using the 17.0 version of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS).  click here
 Peer mentorship (PM) was compared to Superior mentorship progrmme (SP). The result as obtained led to the conclusion that peer mentorship has a great influence on the career development of employees in ministry of finance more than superior mentorship programme. This is associated with the free flow of communication and unhindered exchange of ideas between peers. It was recommended that organizations should include peer mentorship in their career development programme mix.Keywords: Career Development, Job Security, Mentoring Alternatives, Peer Relationship. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management 

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
15 TITLE NAME : Porter’s Theory of  Competitive  Advantage  among  selected SMEs in Anambra State : An Empirical  Review of  its applications.
Author’s Name : Dr. Peter Ositadinma Ndubuisi
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  30-04-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 23.0/
Chapter-VIII/Page – 46-52 [ MARCH-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : BM-V23-I1-C8-MCH2018 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractThis study examines the extent of the application of porter’s theory of competitive advantage among selected SMES in Anambra state. The researcher used the descriptive survey approach to gather data for this study. The population of the study comprises of 207 middle level and senior members of staff drawn from ten SMEs in Anambra state. click here
 The researcher however using convenience or purposive sampling technique selected 163 employees out of the population of study. A five point likert scale questionnaire that covered the different areas of extent of Porter’s theory application in SMEs competitiveness and profitability was used to elicit response from the respondents. The statistical tool used for data analysis in this paper is the Non-Parametric Kruskalwallis test (H) using the 15.0 version of the Minitab statistical software (MSS). From the result obtained, the researcher concludes that porter’s five forces model plays key role in the competitiveness and strategy decisions of SMEs in Anambra state.  Sequel to the result, the researcher recommends that operators and managers of SMEs should effectively adopt the new model which contains all the parts of Porter’s original model in addition to Innovation and Complementary Product.Keywords: Competitiveness, SMEs, Profitability, Strategic, Porter’s theory.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Applied Science (English Language)

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
16 TITLE NAME : Role of Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) for Geologycal, Hydro-Geophysical investigation for sitting water well : A case study of UKE, East Wollega Zone, Western part of Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Dr. Shayaq Ali and Dr. Gaddissa Deyassa
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  07-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-IX/Page – 38-43 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V20-I1-C9-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: Groundwater is precious resource for life growth and development of country. Hence, reliance on the groundwater has increased greatly. This research was conducted in the Uke town, East Wollega zone, western part of Ethiopia.  The study catchment is a watershed area drained by a small stream that joins Anger river from southern direction. The topographic variation in the study catchment ranges from 1287 to about 1337m. click here
The occurrence of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the study area and this includes fine grained sandstone which is variably exposed in stream cut and at the bank of Anger river.  Bedding structures that reaches as thick as 25cm are observed on the sandstone, however, thinly bedded with evident lamellae are abundantly exposed at the bank of Anger river. The regional stratigraphic sequence suggests that the Paleozoic sandstone overlays the eroded surface of Precambrian basement rocks. The major hydro geologic unit in the study area is the sandstone rock which covers the major portion of the study area. The sandstone is subjected to fracturing, jointing and local faulting processes.This paper presents the results of geological, hydro-geophysical investigation carried out over the study area  and the objective of  this study  for sitting water well in  water bearing horizon, correct location, depth of aquifer well,  and good  discharge rate. This is possible by a systematic exploration of groundwater using by different scientific tools and also using geological, hydro geological and geophysical methods provides valuable information with respect to distribution, thickness, and depth of groundwater bearing formation zones. In this research, using in geophysical methods, only Vertical Electrical sounding (VES), because it is low cost and relatively high reliable accuracy in   results.  Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) survey was carried out by using the symmetrical Schlumberger expanding spread.  In this method, the resistivity measurements were taken by progressively increasing the Potential Electrode (MN) along with a relatively large increment of the Current Electrode (AB/2). The Potential Electrode (MN) separation ranges from 1m to 90m whereas; the Current Electrode Separation (AB/2) of 500m was stretched to achieve maximum depth of penetration. Signal Average System Terra meter300C was used for the resistivity measurement of resistivity survey. Like the model for VES1 the model for VES2 also represented 5 geo electric layers.  The first layer has resistivity value of about 27Ωm. and  this represents dry silty alluvial soil with thickness nearly 2meter. The second layer with significantly reduced resistivity value of about 16Ωm can possibly be interpreted to be sandy to silty soil of thickness nearly 10m. This succession gradually grades to fractured sandstone bedrock as it is manifested by relative increment of resistivity value to about 640Ωm. The study area, the major identified potential aquifers are the fractured bedrock, it comprises fractured, jointed and bedded sandstone. Groundwater Potential sites (proposed well sites) are selected based on converging evidences of litho logy and structures.Keywords : Aquifer, Groundwater exploration, Paleozoic sandstone, Resistivity, Vertical electrical sounding.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Entomology

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
17 TITLE NAME :“Successful Reproductive Cycle Strategy (Extra-pair copulations in Nicrophorus Germanicus (LINNAEUS,1758)) ( Nicrophorus Kirby; Silphidae Coleoptera”
Author’s Name : Sergey Viktorovich Pushkin
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : RUSSIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-X/Page – 44-46 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : ENTO-V20-I1-C10-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: The parent instincts male burying beetles, Nicrophorus spp. are put under doubt when, conspecific females invade on a substratum prepared for oviposition. Though females provide males with padding possibilities of pairing, they put under threat a survival of the male’s brood of “parent”.  click here
To research sexual answer of the parent’s males to females, which invade in their nests, we added the virginal beetles (female) to nest conspecific a steam, which already have initiated to care of descendants. Half of the females (invader) were inseminated by males the parents in trials, with Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758). In work the author reduces the experimental data obtained during laboratory learning of genesial cycle and the sexual ratioes for the beetles of a genus Nicrophorus Kirby Nicrophorus germanicus. Extra-pair copulations for Coleoptera are poorly investigated. In work this act for N. germanicus for the first time is featured. In work we shall try to give an explanation to the obtained outcomes. Keywords : Extra-Pair Copulations, Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758), Parental Care, Brood-Care Behavior, Burying Beetles.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
18 TITLE NAME : “Rice (Oryza Sativa) cultivation in temperature areas of India
Author’s Name : Tanweer-Ul-Hassan Malik,  Abrar Baba,  S.A Haji,  Shams- Ud-Din Mir and Showket A Dar
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-XI/Page – 47-57 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AGS-V20-I1-C11-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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ORIGIN OF RICE: Rice botanically called as Oryza Sativa, is associated with wet, humid climate, though it is not a tropical plant. It is probably a descendent of wild grass that was most likely cultivated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. Another school of thought believes that the rice plant may have originated in southern India,  click here
then spread to the north of the country and then onwards to China. It then arrived in Korea, the Philippines about 2000 BC, and then Japan and Indonesia 1000 BC(Anonymous, 2012).Further, genetic evidence has shown that rice originates from a single domestication 8,200–13,500 years ago (Molina et al., 2011) in the Pearl River valley region of China(Huanget al., 2012).India is also believed to be the origin of the rice (Pallavi 2011).In 327 B. C., it is believed thatfrom Greece, the Arab travelers took rice to Egypt, Morocco and Spain and that is how it travelled all across Europe.The journey of rice around the world has been slow, but once it took root it stayed and became a major agriculture and economic product for the people. In the Indian subcontinent more than a quarter of the cultivated land is given to rice (20011-14). It is a very essential part of the daily meal in the southern and eastern parts of India. In the northern and central parts of the subcontinent, where wheat is frequently eaten, rice holds its own position and is cooked daily as well as on festivals and special occasions.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
19 TITLE NAME : “ A comparative analysis of the relationship of nature of poverty with Zakat collection and real gross domestic product : An empirical study in the context of Indonesia
Author’s Name : S. Nisthar &  A.A.M.Nufile
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XII/Page – 58-67 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C12-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the comparative contribution of the collection of Zakat (Islamic social integrated finance) and Real Gross Domestic Product (RGDP) to the nature of poverty in Indonesia quantitative methodology. The time series data used in this study were collected from BAZNAS 2017 and web site – country. economy.   click here
 The tools in the method used were correlation, regression, causality, Johansen co-integration, normality, autocorrelation LM, and hetereoskedasticy / homoskedasticity. The data were analyzed using the statistical software – Eviews 6.0. The two regression models were constructed to achieve the objective of this study such as model 01 and model 02. In the model one, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was the dependent variable and the collection of Zakat was the independent variable. In the model 02, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was independent variable. There was a significant relationship between HCI and the collection of Zaka in Indonesia. There was an inverse relationship between HCI and the collection of Zakat. One percent of increase in the collection of Zakat decreases in HCI (alleviation in the nature of poverty) by 5.5units in Indonesia whereas there were 2.8 units of decrease in the nature of poverty (HCI) due to the increase in RGDP without significant relationship between both the variables. The policy makers and the government of Indonesia could be made aware of using the findings of this study so as to adopt the appropriate strategic macroeconomic management.Keywords: Head Count Index, Poverty, Read Gross Domestic Product, Zakat, Indonesia.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
20 TITLE NAME : “ The relationship among Export, Import and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka: Co-integration analysis.
Author’s Name : V.Vaiharathan1,  A.A.M.Nufile2   &  S.Nisthar3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIII/Page – 68-71 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C13-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to find out the co-integration vectors or the long run relationship among the variables of export, import and Economic growth (GDP) on Sri Lankan context. The annual time series data used in this study were collected from the Annual Report of Central Bank of Sri Lanka during the period from 1950 to 2015.  click here
 The variables used in this study were Exports, Imports and Economic Growth (GDP) to achieve the objective of this study. The dependent variable in this study was Economic Growth (GDP) and the independent variables used in this study were Exports and Imports. The methodology used in this study was quantitative using the secondary data source. The data used in this study were analyzed by using the statistical software E-Views 7 to find out the long run relationship between the variables through the co-integration analysis. Johansen and Juselius methods were used to find the co-integration relationship. Typically this was found that within the period of 1980 to 2015, in Sri Lankan macroeconomic environment, the gross domestic product, export and import had been encompassed with a long run equilibrium relationship.Keywords: Co-integration, Economic Growth, Import, Export, Time Series.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Animal Science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
21 TITLE NAME : Husbandry Practices and Egg production Performances of Exotic Chicken Breeds in Assosa Town, Beneshangul Gumuze Region, Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Mekonnen N. ;  Begna F.  &  Abraha S.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIV/Page – 72-80 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V18-I1-C14-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: The study was undertaken during April up to June 2016 in Assosa town of Benishangul Gumuze regional state, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to explore husbandry practices and egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area.  click here
 A cross-sectional systematic random survey of 34 households was undertaken by using semi-structured and pre tested questionnaire. Information on management practices (breeding, feeds, feeding, watering, housing, sanitation, disease and parasite control etc.), production systems, egg production performances (egg size, , age at first lay, number of eggs laid etc) and  constraints of  exotic  chicken kept in Assosa town  was generated by semi-structured questionnaire. The primary data collected from household survey was processed and analyzed by using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20.0 software. Descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean, ranking, standard deviation, and cross tabulation were used to analyze the data quantitatively. Data gathered through key informant interview, focus group discussion and personal observation were analyzed qualitatively to strengthen data obtained from household survey. Methods of triangulation were used to measure the validity of the data. It was found that large numbers (10.26±8.83) of exotic chicken were kept by the respondents in the study area. Due to its small space and lower initial capital requirement sample household’s ranked chicken as the first important animals kept in the study area. The main purposes of keeping exotic chicken in the study area were for generation of income/sale which was followed by consumption.  The most important feed resources of exotic chicken kept in the study area were feed obtained from scavenging, house hold wastes, market left over, and industrial by products and grain supplement. Majority of the households accommodated their exotic chicken in separate house constructed for confinement of the chicken. The higher mortality rate of exotic chicken in the study area was caused by disease, predator and injuries. The most commonly happening and economically important disease in the study area was Newcastle.  The commonly observed predators in the study area were cat, dog and snake.  Egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area in general was a bit better than local chicken but not at its satisfactory level. Health and feed problems respectively were the first and the second constraint of exotic chicken production in the study area. Therefore area based development interventions could help to increase productivity of exotic chicken and thereby enhance the livelihood of small holders.Keywords: Assosa, town, breed, management, exotic, chicken.

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