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FEBRUARY 2019/ Vol.34.0/ Issue-I 

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Business Management [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 1 Manuscript Title : Social commerce and business success of selected deposit money banks in River State.
Author’s Name : Nkpurukwe, Obabuike Ikeni1, *Onyeaghala Obioma, H.2,  Ozah, Jonathan Peter 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  10-03-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 34.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-I/Page – 01-05 [ FEBRUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : BM-V34-I1-C1-FEB2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download PDF : Full article (Pdf)
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Abstract : The objective of this study is to empirical investigating the impact of social commerce on business success of deposit money banks in river state. The study adopted a survey research design with a sample of 50 staffs from the 10 selected registered deposit money banks. The questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection and data analysed using Spearman Rank correlation coefficient with the aid of SPSS. click here
Finding shows that personalization significantly and strongly relates with sales volume and profit. Based on the finding, conclusion was drawn that social commerce significantly and strongly relates with business success of deposit money banks in Rivers State. The study recommends that personalisation strategies should be adopted by deposit money banks in order to make customers feel the sense of belonging which leads to increased sales and profit.

KEYWORD: Personalisation, face book users, business success, sales volume, profit. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ] – French Version

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 2 Manuscript Title : Difficultes de prise en charge infirmiere des patients Diabetiques dans les centres hospitaliers Universitaires De Lome
Author’s Name : *Kodjo Agbéko Djagadou1, Toyi Tchamdja2, Abago Balaka3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : TOGO
Date of Publication:  10-03-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 34.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-II/Page – 06-08 [ FEBRUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V34-I1-C2-FEB2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full article (Pdf)
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RESUME L’épidémie du diabète constitue un fléau mondial. En Afrique subsaharienne cette épidémie constitue une menace importante. Cette étude avait pour objectif d’identifier les difficultés liées à la prise en charge infirmière des patients diabétiques. click here
L’étude a permis de relever l’insuffisance de personnel infirmier, le manque de moyens financiers des patients, le problème de communication, l’absence de support de démarche de soins, de protocole de suivi et de protocole de prise en charge incluant l’Education Thérapeutique du Patient (ETP) comme difficultés majeures liées à la prise en charge infirmière des patients diabétiques dans les services de médecine interne du CHU SO, de médecine interne et de neurologie du CHU Campus.Nous retenons donc que la prise en charge infirmière des patients diabétiques se heurte à plusieurs difficultés. Cette étude peut contribuer à l’amélioration des stratégies nationales ou locales de lutte contre le diabète. Mots clés : Difficultés, Prise en charge infirmière, Patients diabétiques.  

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Language [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
 3 Manuscript Title : The Impact of IT System-based vs. Multimedia Computer-Assisted Instruction on Elementary EFL learners’ Accent Proficiency and Correctively.
Author’s Name : *Esmaeel Farnoud1, , Somayeh Zokhtareh2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : IRAN
Date of Publication:  10-03-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 34.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-III/Page – 09-15 [ FEBRUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : LNG-V34-I1-C3-FEB2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : The present paper tries to evaluate the worth of IT System-oriented vs. Multimedia Computer-assisted instruction for increasing the capability of EFL students in progressive English verbal courses at the academic level to use as well as yield precise accent proficiency. Systematically helped linguistic education has been substituted with the outdated models having familiar through numerous instructors, in addition to commenced to develop an exclusive opportunity an instructive framework (Arias, Yoma & Vivanco, 2010). click here
 To revision regarding the phonological subject, 45 students randomly selected from Poonak secondary school and Alborz secondary school in Tehran, Iran has been separated to the regulator as well as investigational clusters. Supervision of an articulation examination exposed that two clusters have been standardized for their articulation abilities at the admission level. Though in cooperation clusters have an equal tutor for the duration of eight settings, merely the investigational cluster acknowledged the resources via the use of systems. The act of the investigational cluster about articulation exam detained at the termination of the course presented that average grade of such cluster had been considerably greater than the regulator cluster. The study focuses on using the forthcoming method in education tension forms that are derived from given that eloquent, collaborating, as well as reliable accomplishments. Conclusions of the revision disclose which system-aided articulation teaching have been functioning in cultivating the EFL apprentices’ accent as well as an optimistic approach in the direction of system-aided articulation teaching in addition to accomplishments.  Hence, the students’ learning based on IT system-based vs. multimedia computer-assisted instruction know how to escalation the incentive besides attention of education between the apprentices in addition to has a thoughtful wave on the scholars’ attainment of articulation.KEYWORDS: IT system-based; multimedia computer-assisted instruction; accent.  

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on  Agricultural ScienceOriginal Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
4 Manuscript Title : Effects of Poultry Litter Char on the Growth and Yield of Corn (Zea mays L.) and Properties of Highly Degraded Soil.
Author’s Name : * Jessie R. Sabijon1, Dr. Lagrito Ebert B. Mante2, Dr. Feleciano R. Bejar3Derby E. Poliquit4, Lilibeth P. Perocho5
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : PHILIPPINES
Date of Publication:  10-03-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 34.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-IV/Page – 16-25 [ FEBRUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGS-V34-I1-C4-FEB2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Poultry litter char (PLC) is a value added fertilizer rich in nutrients and locally available, however, limited published data are available on its effects on crops and soil properties. The study was conducted to determine the optimum rate of poultry litter char enhancing growth and yield of corn and evaluate its effect on the soil physico-chemical properties of degraded soil. click here
 Five treatments using 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 tons of PLC ha-1 were used in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that poultry litter char application significantly increased the plant height, resulted to earlier tasseling, fruiting and harvesting of corn and increased their yield particularly number of fruits, fruit yield, ear length, weight of 1000 seeds and Stover yield as well. In addition, corn tissue was found to have a considerable amount of nitrogen and phosphorus.On the other hand, addition of PLC significantly improved the physico-chemical properties of degraded soil such as reduction of soil strength, increased soil porosity and soil water holding capacity, increased pH, % OC, total N, Extractable P, Exchangeable K and Ca. The study recommends an application rate of 20 t ha-1 of PLC to improve the growth and yield of corn; enhance the properties of highly degraded soil and 2.5 t ha-1 PLC to gain a higher return on investment.KEYWORDS: Biochar, Corn, Degradation, Poultry Litter.

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on  Agricultural Science [ Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
5 Manuscript Title : Effects of Prosopis juliflora Invasions on land use/cover change in South Afar region, Northeast Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Wakshum Shiferaw1, Sebsebe Demissew2, Tamrat Bekele3 and Ermias Aynekulu4
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  20-03-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 34.0/Issue
-I/Chapter-V/Page – 26-43 [ FEBRUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : AGS-V34-I1-C5-FEB2019 
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Prosopis juliflora (henceforth referred as Prosopis) plant is an invasive species affecting the health of rangelands in Afar region of Ethiopia. The study aims to assess (1) the effects of Prosopis invasion on land use land cover (henceforth referred to LULC), and (2) extent of vegetation cover changes. We used a combination of remote sensing data and field observations to analyze the effects Prosopis invasion on land use/ land cover dynamics and changes (LULCC) for the patterns and dynamics of land-use/cover changes for 31 years from 1986 to 2017 in the arid and semi-arid of Sothern Afar rangelands, Ethiopia. click here
The overall accuracy for 1986, 2000, and 2017 were 81.4%, 82.3%, and 84.9% with Kappa statistics of 0.77, 0.79, and 0.82 respectively. In Amibara district, farmlands, water bodies, land under Prosopis, and grassland areas were increased during 1986-2017 by 1879 ha (10.8%), 1197 ha (55.6%), 3132 ha (99.0 %), and 31,039 ha (22.0 %), respectively. However, bare lands and woodlands areas were decreased by 1239 ha (56.7 %) and 36,065 ha (49.9 %), respectively. In Awash Fentale district, changes in land use/land cover types showed positive trends for farmlands, water bodies, Prosopis, and grazing lands by 4258 ha (81.4 %), 1035 ha (97.4 %), 2335 ha (97.0 %), and 18,187 ha (25.8 %) respectively in the same period. However, bare lands and woodland areas decreased by 59.78 ha (59.8 %) and 51 ha (50.9 %), respectively. If the present change continues, pastoralists grazing lands will be lost.
.KEYWORDS: Afar pastoralists, vegetation cover, Prosopis, rate, invasive, encroachment

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CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
6 Manuscript Title : SERUM LIPID PROFILE ANALYSIS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL LEUKOPLAKIA
Author’s Name : Dr. Pradkhshana Vijay1*, Dr. Nilesh Pardhe2, Dr. Shaleen Chandra3, Dr. Shalini Gupta4Dr. Supriya Sharma5,  Dr. Priyanka Singh6
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  05-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-V/Page – 21-24 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V33-I1-C5-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Background: Oral cancer is preceded by potentially malignant disorders. Oral Leukoplakia is one of the best-known pre-malignant lesions in the oral cavity that has the highest rate of malignant transformation. Literature shows numerous studies have been conducted on an altered lipid profile in head and neck cancers. An inverse relationship between serum lipid profiles has been seen in oral cancer and precancer. The present study was done to evaluate the serum lipid profiles in oral leukoplakia cases. Aim and objectives: To evaluate the alteration in serum lipid profile in patients with oral leukoplakia. click here
 Materials and method: The study was conducted on 20 oral leukoplakia cases and 20 controls. Lipid profile included analysis of total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high cholesterol (HDL), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL), triglycerides (TG) and ratio of high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipid profiles were measured using the standard reagents. Results: TG, LDL & VLDL were more in males in both groups. TC and HDL levels were highest in females, but were non significant. A significantly reduced serum level of HDL, VLDL, TGL, TC and LDL were also reduced in the oral leukoplakia group. TGL were highest in patients who had mild dysplasia and lowest TC, while, moderate dysplasia cases had highest TC and lowest TG, LDL, VLDL, HDL. Conclusion: The reduced levels of lipid profile in cases of leukoplakia could be due to tobacco habits that reduced the lipid fractions. The reduced levels of lipid in oral leukoplakia could be used to assess the malignant transformation that could help in early detection and prevent the progression to carcinoma. Key words: carcinogenesis, lipid peroxidation, tobacco, dysplasia

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
7 Manuscript Title : Gastric HCL and ulcerogenic potentials of chloroquine,Fansidar and Metakelfin
Author’s Name : Jimmy E O1 & Umoh I U2
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  15-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 25-27 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V33-I1-C6-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Comparative gastric hydrochloric acid Secretion was studied in males & females albino rats with three antimalaria drugs; chloroquine® fansidar® and metakelfin®.  Of the antimalaria drugs studied, Chloroquine was found to increase stomach hydrochloric acid secretion at (P<0.05) in all the four weeks period of observation. However, fansidar increased gastric hydrochloric secretion during the first and second week of observation after its administration (P<0.05) but the secretion was not significant (P<0.05) in the third and fourth week of observation. click here
Metakelfin showed a significant increase in hydrochloric acid secretion in week one, two and four (P<0.05) but insignificant secretion was observed in week three. It is concluded that chloroquine and metakelfin have the tendency of inducing peptic ulcer but fansidar may be a potent drug for peptic ulcer treatment.Key words: Chloroquine, fansidar, metakelfin, gastric   secretion and peptic ulcer.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Case Report]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
8 Manuscript Title : Pre Orthodontics Frenectomy: Flip side of the coin- A case report
Author’s Name : Dr Sanjeev Jakati 1, Shrinidhi M2, Soumya BG3, MR Jyothirmayee4, Dhanyatha Pasala 5
Article Type :  Case Report 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  15-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 28-32 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V33-I1-C7-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Maxillary midline diastema is a common aesthetic problem in mixed and early permanent dentitions. The space can occur either as a transient malocclusion or created by developmental, pathological or iatrogenic factors. Many innovative therapies varying from restorative procedures such as composite build-up to surgery (frenectomies) and orthodontics are available. click here
Although literature says every frenectomy procedure should be preceded by orthodontic treatment, we opted for frenectomy technique prior to orthodontic intervention with a null hypothesis to test the other side of the coin. Presented herewith is a case report of a 27-year-old Female with a high frenal attachment that had caused spacing of the maxillary central incisors. A closure of the midline diastema was noted within 6 months following frenectomy & adjunct orthodontic treatment.
Key words: Frenectomy, Midline Diastemas.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Case Report ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
9 Manuscript Title : BUDD CHIARI SYNDROME- A CASE REPORT
Author’s Name : P Salome Satya Vani1 , Manichandana G2, C.vani3
Article Type :  Case Report 
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  15-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VIII/Page – 33-34 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V33-I1-C8-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : BUDD CHIARI SYNDROME   results from obstruction to the venous outflow of liver from the hepatic veins till the inferior vena cava. Clinical presentation of Budd Chiari Syndrome is variable.  click here
 Most of the patients present with abdominal pain, hepatomegaly and ascites. We report case of 44yrs female admitted in hospital for the evaluation of the Budd Chiari Syndrome. The importance of correct diagnosis by the physician and sub sequent management is reviewed.Key words: Budd Chiari Syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, thrombotic, non-thrombotic.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Computer Science [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
10 Manuscript Title : Control the movement of nodes for sensor networks and simulate the state of contract failure.
Author’s Name : Nada Badr Jarah
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : IRAQ
Date of Publication:  15-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IX/Page – 35-39 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : CMOS-V33-I1-C9-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : In sensor networks, the data is transmitted through a set of nodes spread over a specific area where the sensor is monitored and the specific state of the nodes is assembled to be in a fixed position. Because of the development and widespread spread of Wireless communication and robot, the  nodes in sensors networks became moving, The research represents  to control the movement of nodes using broadcast push and communication  among nodes. click here
 The problem of failure to bind to some nodes has also been demonstrated when sensing a particular situation of the control area of the sensor network environment.This research  deals with the study of the stages of the development of the motion methods of nodes in  the sensor networks, suggesting a method for the main station to predict the failure of the contract and the use of simulation to evaluate the results using Matlab, where the sensor network environment in which the contract is malfunctioned is handled through the time of node sharing in the network.Key words: Wireless Sensor Networks, the nodes Failure, SR-N.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
11 Manuscript Title : Cytological Patterns and Molecular Detection of Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus Aureus in Buccal Mucosa among Local Tobacco Users
Author’s Name : Manar G. Shalabi1, Israa M.Omer2, *Anass M. Abbas3
Article Type :  ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : SUDAN
Date of Publication:  20-02-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 33.0/Issue-I/Chapter-X/Page – 40-44 [ JANUARY-2019 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V33-I1-C10-JAN2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the cytological changes and to detect methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus in oral smears among local tobacco users in Port Sudan city, Sudan, using Cytological Pap smear and PCR technique to help in detection of MRSA among local tobacco users. Materials and Method: One hundred buccal smears and oral swabs were obtained randomly from local tobacco users. The specimens were cytologically prepared and examined, swabs were cultured on Blood Agar with novobiocin disc and Mannitol Salt Agar for primary isolation of Pathogen.Then mecA gene detection was done used PCR technique. click here
 Result: 32% subjects were identified with keratinization, 21% of the users were identified with bacterial infection and moniliasis, inflammation was present in 18% of the users in the Pap smear.  A 70 Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the mouth swab, and 14 MRSA was isolated out of this 70 Staphylococcus aureus, 1 out of this were positive for mecA gene. Cytological changes and MRSA isolate was found to be high among Tobacco consumer for long period using rather than those who tobacco consuming for short period. The result revealed that the antimicrobial resistance of S. aureus for Methicillin was (20%). Conclusion: This study concluded that there is correlation between tobacco use and duration of use and increasing susceptibility to MRSA infection and cytological changes.Key words: Cytological patterns, Local Tobacco, MRSA, staphylococcus aureus, Oral cavity

 CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
12 Manuscript Title : Evaluation of Telephone Counseling to assist Smoking Cessation
Author’s Name : Dong Hoon Lee 1,  Zhao Chen 2, Eric Mebane 3, Rashmi Saini 4
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : USA
Date of Publication:  05-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VI/Page – 29-34 [ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C6-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : Behavioral support programs using telephone counseling models have been recognized as an effective tool for smoking cessation, and a proper assessment of the program is important to provide robust support to quit smoking. This study examines if other factors may influence quitting rates in adult smokers who had telephone counseling. We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing quitting rates from September 2016 to January 2017 with the referral from various sources (Medicine, Pre-Surgery or Post-Surgery visits, Hospital or ED discharges, and everywhere else), each counselor, use of an assisting medication and the BMI with adjustment for other covariates. click here
 Logistic regression analysis of 268 smokers compared differences in the quitting rates achieved by the four counselors. The adjusted ORs for the counselors were 0.89 (95% CI 0.46-1.73), 0.70 (95% CI 0.19-2.57), and 0.71 (CI 0.35-1.44) when comparing to one counselor. The OR for referral type was 1.81 (95% CI 0.59- 5.50) comparing Surgery to Medical referral and 0.93 (95% CI 0.41- 2.13) comparing referral from Hospital discharge to medical type. Pharmacotherapy (OR 1.68, 95% CI 0.92-3.08) and BMI (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.60-1.02) showed no significant association with quitting rates. In conclusion, telephone counseling demonstrated consistent quitting rates in the different referral types and counselors, and the efficacy of counseling may be not related to any other factors such as medications or personal BMI.KEYWORDS: telephone counseling; smoking cessation; quitting rates.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Pharmaceutical Science [ Original Research Article ]
SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
13 Manuscript Title : Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and Anti-diabetic Activity of Extracts of Leaves of Crinum Latifolium Linn.
Author’s Name : Mohd Habeeb Ahmad1, Vikram Singh 2,Raj K. Prasad 3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  10-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VII/Page – 35-40 [ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : PHMS-V32-I1-C7-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  

Download: Full article (Pdf)

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Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate the Antihyperglycemic activity of aqueous and ethanol extracts of leaves of Crinum latifolium in Alloxan (ALX) induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was confirmed after 5 days of single intraperitoneal injection of ALX (150 mg/kg) in albino Wistar rats. Aqueous and Ethanol extracts of leaves of Crinum latifolium (200 and 400 mg/kg) and Glibenclamide (10 mg/kg, p.o) orally administered daily for 15 days, blood was withdrawn for glucose determination on 0, 1, 10 and 15 days respectively. Five days before the termination of the experiment, the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed to assess the glucose tolerance. For this purpose, overnight fasted rats were fed glucose (2 g/kg) orally and blood was collected at 0, 30, 60 and 120 min interval from orbital sinus for glucose estimation. click here
 On the 15th day, overnight fasted rats were sacrificed and blood was collected for the determination of blood glucose .Aqueous and Ethanol extracts of leaves of Crinum latifolium at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg showed significant reduction is blood glucose when compared to diabetic control group. We concluded that aqueous and Ethanol extracts of leaves of Crinum latifolium possess antihyperglycemic activity. The histopathology study of pancreas was also performed which showed hypoglycemic effect.Keywords: Crinum latifolium , Diabetes mellitus, Leaves, Ethanol and Aqueous extracts, Glibenclamide, Alloxan etc.  

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
14 TITLE NAME :The effect of smoking on Periodontal Health Status, Salivary Flow Rate and Salivary pH  : A comparative study
Author’s Name : Dr. Lekaa M. Ibraheem 1Dr. Ayat  M. Dhafer 2
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : IRAQ
Date of Publication:  10-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-VIII/Page – 41-46[ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C8-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractBackground: Smoking is considered a major risk factor for development and progression of periodontal disease.  Non smokers exposed to secondhand smoke are recognized to be at increased risk of periodontal disease. Aims of the study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of smoking and passive smoking on periodontal health status and on the salivary flow rate (SFR) and salivary pH. click here
Materials and methods: Seventy  subjects were enrolled in the study, the subjects with an age range (30-45) year’s old males and females without any history of systemic disease. The subjects were divided into three groups :G1(24 non smokers), G2 (21 passive smokers)and G3 (  25 smokers).  Unstimulated whole saliva was collected for measurement of salivary flow rate  and pH. All periodontal parameters (plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing) were recorded for  each subject.Results: A significant difference was found in plaque index (PLI) between smokers and non smokers. No significant differences in gingival index (GI) was found for all groups, while there was highly significant difference in the number of bleeding sites. The salivary flow rate and pH were lower in smoker groups in compare to non smoker group.Conclusion: Smoking was not only responsible for prevalence of periodontitis, but it also caused a decrease in saliva flow rate and pH.KEYWORDSsmokers, periodontal health status , saliva flow rate, salivary pH.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
15 TITLE NAME : Effect of passive smoking on the Periodontal Health Status and Salivary Enzymes Level : A comparative study
Author’s Name : Dr. Lekaa M. Ibraheem1Dr.Ban Karem2Dr.Ayat  M. Dhafer3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : IRAQ
Date of Publication:  10-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-IX/Page – 47-51[ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C9-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract :Background: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or passive smoke exposure is one of the most common preventable health hazards in the community. The risk of disease and death as a result of smoking is not limited to smokers; non-smokers are also at risk from exposure to SHS. Passive smoking has recently been implicated in the development of several systemic diseases.Aims of the study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of passive smoking on periodontal health status and on the salivary levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK). click here
 Materials and methods: The study comprised of 25 non-smokers and 22 passive   smokers. Unstimulated saliva sample was collected from each subject for biochemical analysis of salivary enzymes. Periodontal parameters including: plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were recorded.Results: statistical analysis revealed that ALP in saliva was higher in smoker than       the non smoker group and there was significant difference in the salivary LDH and CK levels between smokers and non-smokers groups. Probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) score 1 was higher in passive smokers compared with non smokers, while there was decrease in the number of bleeding sites.Conclusions: Passive smoking has negative impact on periodontal health and can consider as risk factor for periodontal disease although further studies are needed. Salivary enzymes (ALP, LDH and CK) are considered as good biochemical markers of periodontal tissue destruction and can be used to evaluate the effect of passive smoking on periodontal health status.KEYWORDSnon smokers, passive smokers, salivaperiodontal health status.ry enzymes,    

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Case Study ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
16 TITLE NAME : Transmandibulotomy and Transzygoma approach to Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Pterygo-Maxillary space and Pterygoid Fossa: A case report
Author’s Name : Rahimov Ch.R.1Davudov M.M.2Farzaliyev I.M.Musaev J.S. 4
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : AZERBAIJAN
Date of Publication:  10-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-X/Page – 52-55[ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C10-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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INTRODUCTIONRhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck region is a common tumor affecting pediatric population, although in it relatively rare in adults [5]. Statically rhabdomyosarcoma  occurs in 84% of cases of  all  soft tissue  sarcomas  and  in 35-45%  of those  occurring in  the  head  and  neck. click here
The aim of this article is to describe the clinical case of pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma of the child, which was resected by extended transmandibulotomy and transzygoma approach. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
17 TITLE NAME : Comparative analysis of data mining techniques to classify and predict overweight in children and adolescents.
Author’s Name : José Sulla-Torres1, Rossana Gómez-Campos2, Marco Cossio-Bolaños1,2, Luis Alfaro-Casas1, Francisco Antonio Pereira Fialho3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : PERU
Date of Publication:  17-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Issue-I/Chapter-XI/Page – 56-65 [ DECEMBER-2018 EDITION ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C11-DEC2018

Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 

Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : The objective of this study was to compare which of the five popular algorithms for the classification of data mining (i.e., Classifier K-NN, Decision Tree, Bayesian Web, Efficient Bayesian Multivariate Classifier, and Forest by Penalizing Attributes) comes closest to reality in terms of being able to classify and predict excess body weight in children and adolescents. Towards the objective of analyzing the data, a database of 5,962 primary and secondary school students was utilized. The subjects, whose ages range from six to seventeen years, are from the region of Itaupú-Paraná, Brazil. The program used for the data mining was WEKA (Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis).   click here
 The data mining was applied following the methodology of Oracle Technology Network (OTN), and the data were analyzed in three groups: boys, girls, and both sexes together. The results indicate that the technique J-48 proved to be the most realistic classifier and can thus contribute to predicting the risk of excess body weight in children and adolescents in the region of Lago de Itaipú, Brazil. The results suggest the use of technique J-48 in order to identify excess body weight in children and adolescents on a grand scale. This technique can be used in clinical and epidemiological contexts with samples of Brazilian youth.KEYWORDS : Data mining, classification, prediction, decision tree, overweight, obesity. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Earth & Environmental Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
18 TITLE NAME : Using the cluster analysis for the statistical study of vibro-seismic waves for a more accurate estimation of their arrival times.
Author’s Name : Vladimir I. Znak1 , Santimoy Kundu2 & Alexey G. Fatyanov3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : RUSSIA
Date of Publication:  17-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Chapter-XII/Page -66-73 [ DECEMBER-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : EES-V32-I1-C12-DEC2018
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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AbstractThe vibro-seismic monitoring of the Earth’s is a sufficiently efficient tool for studying the corresponding background layers for the geotechnical engineering. The base of such studies is the instants of waves arrival times which are picked out from the records of vibro-seismic waves. However, the corresponding records represent the interference of different waves including the noise ones which are added in the course of the seismic waves propagation. Therefore, the task is estimating these instants in such complicated conditions. click here
KEYWORDS : vibro-seismic monitoring, periodic signals, cluster analysis, instant of wave arrival time, method of statistical trials, interactive interaction “user – computer”

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
19 TITLE NAME : Evaluation of Cardiovascular Autonomic Functions in patients with Transient Ischemic Attack
Author’s Name : Meenakshi  Chaswal 1, Bhavna  Kaul 2, Raj  Kapoor Himani Ahluwalia 4 Gyan Prakash 5
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  17-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Chapter-XIII/Page -74-78 [ DECEMBER-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C13-DEC2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: Background & Objective: Cardiac autonomic dysfunction is commonly observed in stroke patients. However little is known about the status of autonomic functions in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA).  The study aimed to assess cardiac autonomic functions in TIA patients and controls by cardiovascular reflex tests and analysis of short term heart rate variability (HRV). click here
Methods: 26 TIA patients and 27 age and sex matched controls were included. Autonomic reactivity was assessed by using tests of autonomic cardiovascular reflexes such as deep breathing test (DBT) and lying to standing test (LST). Measurement of HRV included both time and frequency domain parameters. In the time domain we estimated standard deviation of normal R-R intervals (SDNN) and square root of the mean squared differences of successive R-R intervals (RMSSD). Frequency domain analysis included estimation of total power (TP), high frequency (HF) power, low frequency (LF) power and LF to HF ratio.Results: Compared with controls, HRV components including SDNN, RMSSD, TP, HF power were reduced and LF power, LF to HF ratio significantly increased in patients with TIA. A significant decrease of parasympathetic reactivity was also observed in TIA patients compared to controls.Conclusion: TIA patients have autonomic imbalance suggestive of attenuated parasympathetic influence and heightened sympathetic response. Autonomic dysregulation may predispose TIA patients to an increased risk of recurrent TIA and future stroke.KEYWORDSTransient ischemic attack, stroke, autonomic functions, heart rate variability, cardiovascular reflex tests

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Medical Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
20 TITLE NAME : Reason For Incomplete Vaccination and Associated Factors Among Children Aged 12-23 Months in Serbo Town, Jimma Zone, Oromia Region, Southwest Ethiopia.
Author’s Name : Abdata Workina1, Sheka Shemsi Seid2 *Tolasa Takele Moga3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  17-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Chapter-XIV/Page -79-84 [ DECEMBER-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C14-DEC2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract : Background: Each year, vaccination prevents an estimated 2-3 million deaths from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough) and measles. However, In Ethiopia the percentage of children fully immunized by age 12 months has increased only slightly, from 20 percent to 22 percent in 2011.Therefore this research aimed to assess reason for incomplete vaccination and associated factors among children aged 12-23 Months in Serbo Town, Jimma zone,Oromia region, South west of Ethiopia in June, 2017GC. click here
Methodology: Community based cross-sectional study design was conducted to on 267 mothers/care takers of children aged 12-23 months from the sampled house hold in Serbo town. Systematic sampling technique was used to select study participants within the kebeles .A structured questionnaires was prepared and data was collected by face to face interview and the analyzed by SPSS version 20 was used. To identify the factors of incomplete immunization chi square test p<0.05 was calculated. Based on the finding the result was presented by tables and figures.Result: Out of a total of 260 children included in the study 45.5 % (126), were incompletely vaccinated and 48.8% (119) were fully immunized whereas 5.7 %( 14) did not take any vaccination. Pentavalent1- pentavalent3 dropout was 23%.  The most common reason of incomplete vaccination were 28.4% (40) due to lack of awareness of information for subsequent vaccination left followed by 16.3%(23)lack of awareness on importance of vaccination and 14.2%(20) lack of vaccine supply. The study also showed that educational status (p=0.00082), marital status (P=0.0008) and monthly income (P=0.0017) of the immediate caretaker were significant association with incomplete immunization of p-value < 0.05.Conclusion & Recommendation: There was low vaccine coverages with 45.5% incompletely vaccinated children aged 12-23 months in Serbo town. Lack of information and lack vaccine supplies were found to be associated with incomplete vaccinations. Therefore the emphasis should be given to the community awareness creation and provision of an adequate vaccine supplies to the communities by the stakeholders.   KEYWORDS : Ethiopia factors, incomplete vaccination, reason. 

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural Science Original Research Article ]

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
21 TITLE NAME : The Phytochemical and Proximate Composition of  White  Mangrove  Leaves ( Laguncularia Racemosa )
Author’s Name : M.A. Yahaya,  M. Nodu,  A. O. Ekine & P. K. Ajuogu
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : NIGERIA
Date of Publication:  17-01-2019
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 32.0/Chapter-XV/Page -85-89 [ DECEMBER-2018 ISSUE ]
Article Code : MDS-V32-I1-C15-DEC2019
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation  
Download: Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: The mangrove leave (Laguncularia racemosa) also known as white mangrove obtained at the deep forest areas of south- south region of Nigeria is one of the most productive and biologically important plant resources that contribute to the community structure of West African mangrove forests and breeding place for marine species, and as medicine and food for coastal dwellers.  click here
 However, its phytonutients are yet to be evaluated. This study is to investigate phytochemical profile and proximate nutrient compositions of Laguncularia racemosa leaves. From the analysis, the phytochemical profile revealed the followings; Alkaloid 6.01 %, Saponin20.23%, Tannin 65.21%. Flavonoid 7.45% and phytate recorded 1.10%. These values are moderate when compared with other plants analyzed in Nigeria indicating that the plant can serves as alternative to antibiotics (Drugs) in livestock industries due to its pharmacological properties particularly now that pathogens are building more resistance to drugs. Data obtained for proximate composition shows crude fibre recording 30.87%, carbohydrates 23.001% and protein 9.725%. This finding indicates that the analyzed leaves can be implored as alternative feed ingredient in animals especially ruminants and non-ruminants.KEYWORDSLaguncularia Racemosa Leaves, Phyto-chemicals, proximate composition.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Applied Science (English Language)

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
22 TITLE NAME : Role of Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) for Geologycal, Hydro-Geophysical investigation for sitting water well : A case study of UKE, East Wollega Zone, Western part of Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Dr. Shayaq Ali and Dr. Gaddissa Deyassa
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : ETHIOPIA
Date of Publication:  07-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-IX/Page – 38-43 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V20-I1-C9-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf)

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Abstract: Groundwater is precious resource for life growth and development of country. Hence, reliance on the groundwater has increased greatly. This research was conducted in the Uke town, East Wollega zone, western part of Ethiopia.  The study catchment is a watershed area drained by a small stream that joins Anger river from southern direction. The topographic variation in the study catchment ranges from 1287 to about 1337m. click here
The occurrence of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the study area and this includes fine grained sandstone which is variably exposed in stream cut and at the bank of Anger river.  Bedding structures that reaches as thick as 25cm are observed on the sandstone, however, thinly bedded with evident lamellae are abundantly exposed at the bank of Anger river. The regional stratigraphic sequence suggests that the Paleozoic sandstone overlays the eroded surface of Precambrian basement rocks. The major hydro geologic unit in the study area is the sandstone rock which covers the major portion of the study area. The sandstone is subjected to fracturing, jointing and local faulting processes.This paper presents the results of geological, hydro-geophysical investigation carried out over the study area  and the objective of  this study  for sitting water well in  water bearing horizon, correct location, depth of aquifer well,  and good  discharge rate. This is possible by a systematic exploration of groundwater using by different scientific tools and also using geological, hydro geological and geophysical methods provides valuable information with respect to distribution, thickness, and depth of groundwater bearing formation zones. In this research, using in geophysical methods, only Vertical Electrical sounding (VES), because it is low cost and relatively high reliable accuracy in   results.  Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) survey was carried out by using the symmetrical Schlumberger expanding spread.  In this method, the resistivity measurements were taken by progressively increasing the Potential Electrode (MN) along with a relatively large increment of the Current Electrode (AB/2). The Potential Electrode (MN) separation ranges from 1m to 90m whereas; the Current Electrode Separation (AB/2) of 500m was stretched to achieve maximum depth of penetration. Signal Average System Terra meter300C was used for the resistivity measurement of resistivity survey. Like the model for VES1 the model for VES2 also represented 5 geo electric layers.  The first layer has resistivity value of about 27Ωm. and  this represents dry silty alluvial soil with thickness nearly 2meter. The second layer with significantly reduced resistivity value of about 16Ωm can possibly be interpreted to be sandy to silty soil of thickness nearly 10m. This succession gradually grades to fractured sandstone bedrock as it is manifested by relative increment of resistivity value to about 640Ωm. The study area, the major identified potential aquifers are the fractured bedrock, it comprises fractured, jointed and bedded sandstone. Groundwater Potential sites (proposed well sites) are selected based on converging evidences of litho logy and structures.Keywords : Aquifer, Groundwater exploration, Paleozoic sandstone, Resistivity, Vertical electrical sounding.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Entomology

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
23 TITLE NAME :“Successful Reproductive Cycle Strategy (Extra-pair copulations in Nicrophorus Germanicus (LINNAEUS,1758)) ( Nicrophorus Kirby; Silphidae Coleoptera”
Author’s Name : Sergey Viktorovich Pushkin
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : RUSSIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-X/Page – 44-46 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : ENTO-V20-I1-C10-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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Abstract: The parent instincts male burying beetles, Nicrophorus spp. are put under doubt when, conspecific females invade on a substratum prepared for oviposition. Though females provide males with padding possibilities of pairing, they put under threat a survival of the male’s brood of “parent”.  click here
To research sexual answer of the parent’s males to females, which invade in their nests, we added the virginal beetles (female) to nest conspecific a steam, which already have initiated to care of descendants. Half of the females (invader) were inseminated by males the parents in trials, with Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758). In work the author reduces the experimental data obtained during laboratory learning of genesial cycle and the sexual ratioes for the beetles of a genus Nicrophorus Kirby Nicrophorus germanicus. Extra-pair copulations for Coleoptera are poorly investigated. In work this act for N. germanicus for the first time is featured. In work we shall try to give an explanation to the obtained outcomes. Keywords : Extra-Pair Copulations, Nicrophorus germanicus (Linnaeus, 1758), Parental Care, Brood-Care Behavior, Burying Beetles.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Agricultural science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
24 TITLE NAME : “Rice (Oryza Sativa) cultivation in temperature areas of India
Author’s Name : Tanweer-Ul-Hassan Malik,  Abrar Baba,  S.A Haji,  Shams- Ud-Din Mir and Showket A Dar
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Country from : INDIA
Date of Publication:  20-01-2018
Journal Name : Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Discoveries [ ISSN : 2456-1045 ]
Article Identification : Vol. 20.0/Chapter-XI/Page – 47-57 [ DECEMBER-2017 ISSUE ]
Article Code : AGS-V20-I1-C11-DEC2017
Status : Officially published
Publisher : International Journal Foundation 
Download: E-Certificate,   Full Article (pdf) 

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ORIGIN OF RICE: Rice botanically called as Oryza Sativa, is associated with wet, humid climate, though it is not a tropical plant. It is probably a descendent of wild grass that was most likely cultivated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. Another school of thought believes that the rice plant may have originated in southern India,  click here
then spread to the north of the country and then onwards to China. It then arrived in Korea, the Philippines about 2000 BC, and then Japan and Indonesia 1000 BC(Anonymous, 2012).Further, genetic evidence has shown that rice originates from a single domestication 8,200–13,500 years ago (Molina et al., 2011) in the Pearl River valley region of China(Huanget al., 2012).India is also believed to be the origin of the rice (Pallavi 2011).In 327 B. C., it is believed thatfrom Greece, the Arab travelers took rice to Egypt, Morocco and Spain and that is how it travelled all across Europe.The journey of rice around the world has been slow, but once it took root it stayed and became a major agriculture and economic product for the people. In the Indian subcontinent more than a quarter of the cultivated land is given to rice (20011-14). It is a very essential part of the daily meal in the southern and eastern parts of India. In the northern and central parts of the subcontinent, where wheat is frequently eaten, rice holds its own position and is cooked daily as well as on festivals and special occasions.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
25 TITLE NAME : “ A comparative analysis of the relationship of nature of poverty with Zakat collection and real gross domestic product : An empirical study in the context of Indonesia
Author’s Name : S. Nisthar &  A.A.M.Nufile
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XII/Page – 58-67 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C12-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the comparative contribution of the collection of Zakat (Islamic social integrated finance) and Real Gross Domestic Product (RGDP) to the nature of poverty in Indonesia quantitative methodology. The time series data used in this study were collected from BAZNAS 2017 and web site – country. economy.   click here
 The tools in the method used were correlation, regression, causality, Johansen co-integration, normality, autocorrelation LM, and hetereoskedasticy / homoskedasticity. The data were analyzed using the statistical software – Eviews 6.0. The two regression models were constructed to achieve the objective of this study such as model 01 and model 02. In the model one, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was the dependent variable and the collection of Zakat was the independent variable. In the model 02, HCI (Head Count Index: the nature of poverty in Indonesia) was independent variable. There was a significant relationship between HCI and the collection of Zaka in Indonesia. There was an inverse relationship between HCI and the collection of Zakat. One percent of increase in the collection of Zakat decreases in HCI (alleviation in the nature of poverty) by 5.5units in Indonesia whereas there were 2.8 units of decrease in the nature of poverty (HCI) due to the increase in RGDP without significant relationship between both the variables. The policy makers and the government of Indonesia could be made aware of using the findings of this study so as to adopt the appropriate strategic macroeconomic management.Keywords: Head Count Index, Poverty, Read Gross Domestic Product, Zakat, Indonesia.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Economy

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
26 TITLE NAME : “ The relationship among Export, Import and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka: Co-integration analysis.
Author’s Name : V.Vaiharathan1,  A.A.M.Nufile2   &  S.Nisthar3
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : SRI-LANKA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIII/Page – 68-71 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : ECO-V18-I1-C13-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: This study aimed to find out the co-integration vectors or the long run relationship among the variables of export, import and Economic growth (GDP) on Sri Lankan context. The annual time series data used in this study were collected from the Annual Report of Central Bank of Sri Lanka during the period from 1950 to 2015.  click here
 The variables used in this study were Exports, Imports and Economic Growth (GDP) to achieve the objective of this study. The dependent variable in this study was Economic Growth (GDP) and the independent variables used in this study were Exports and Imports. The methodology used in this study was quantitative using the secondary data source. The data used in this study were analyzed by using the statistical software E-Views 7 to find out the long run relationship between the variables through the co-integration analysis. Johansen and Juselius methods were used to find the co-integration relationship. Typically this was found that within the period of 1980 to 2015, in Sri Lankan macroeconomic environment, the gross domestic product, export and import had been encompassed with a long run equilibrium relationship.Keywords: Co-integration, Economic Growth, Import, Export, Time Series.

CATEGORY : Research Topic on Animal Science

SL.No. Detailed information of the published article
27 TITLE NAME : Husbandry Practices and Egg production Performances of Exotic Chicken Breeds in Assosa Town, Beneshangul Gumuze Region, Ethiopia
Author’s Name : Mekonnen N. ;  Begna F.  &  Abraha S.
Article Type : ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE 
Country from : ETHIOPIA
DOP: 15-11-2017/ Chapter-XIV/Page – 72-80 [ OCTOBER ISSUE ]
Article Code : AS-V18-I1-C14-OCT2017 [ ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE ]
Status : Officially published  / Download: E-Certificate , Full Article (pdf)
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Abstract: The study was undertaken during April up to June 2016 in Assosa town of Benishangul Gumuze regional state, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to explore husbandry practices and egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area.  click here
 A cross-sectional systematic random survey of 34 households was undertaken by using semi-structured and pre tested questionnaire. Information on management practices (breeding, feeds, feeding, watering, housing, sanitation, disease and parasite control etc.), production systems, egg production performances (egg size, , age at first lay, number of eggs laid etc) and  constraints of  exotic  chicken kept in Assosa town  was generated by semi-structured questionnaire. The primary data collected from household survey was processed and analyzed by using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20.0 software. Descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean, ranking, standard deviation, and cross tabulation were used to analyze the data quantitatively. Data gathered through key informant interview, focus group discussion and personal observation were analyzed qualitatively to strengthen data obtained from household survey. Methods of triangulation were used to measure the validity of the data. It was found that large numbers (10.26±8.83) of exotic chicken were kept by the respondents in the study area. Due to its small space and lower initial capital requirement sample household’s ranked chicken as the first important animals kept in the study area. The main purposes of keeping exotic chicken in the study area were for generation of income/sale which was followed by consumption.  The most important feed resources of exotic chicken kept in the study area were feed obtained from scavenging, house hold wastes, market left over, and industrial by products and grain supplement. Majority of the households accommodated their exotic chicken in separate house constructed for confinement of the chicken. The higher mortality rate of exotic chicken in the study area was caused by disease, predator and injuries. The most commonly happening and economically important disease in the study area was Newcastle.  The commonly observed predators in the study area were cat, dog and snake.  Egg production performance of exotic chicken in the study area in general was a bit better than local chicken but not at its satisfactory level. Health and feed problems respectively were the first and the second constraint of exotic chicken production in the study area. Therefore area based development interventions could help to increase productivity of exotic chicken and thereby enhance the livelihood of small holders.Keywords: Assosa, town, breed, management, exotic, chicken.

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